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Natural Mycorrhizal Colonization of Plant Species growing in a Limestone Mine Spoil: Case Study from ACC, Coimbatore, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Botany, PSGR Krishnammal College for Women, Peelamedu, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu 641004, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., Volume 4, Issue (7), Pages 73-78, July,10 (2015)

Abstract

In the present study we examined the Arbuscular mycorrhizal association in forty seven angiospermic plants of the limestone mine spoils of Coimbatore, India. Forty one plants were colonized by AM fungi while Achyranthes aspera, Aerva lanata, Amaranthus viridis, Alternanthera pungens, (Amarantaceae), Carex speciosa (Cyperaceae)and Argemone mexicana (Papavaraceae) did not possess mycorrhizal association. Some of the common non-mycorrhizal plants, viz., Boerhaavia diffusa, Commelina bhengalensis and Trianthema portulacastrum were found to be associated with AM fungi. The soils of the study area were calcareous, sandy loam with a slight alkaline pH and low in available nutrients. A total of ten AMF spores were identified, which included the genus Acaulospora, Gigaspora and Glomus. Glomus was the most frequent genus observed in the study area.

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