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Current status of endangered Medicinal plant Hedychium coronarium and causes of Population decline in the natural forests of Anuppur and Dindori districts of Madhya Pradesh, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Faculty of Ecosystem Management and Technical Forestry, Indian Institute of Forest Management, Bhopal, MP, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., Volume 2, Issue (3), Pages 1-6, March,10 (2013)

Abstract

Gulbakawali (Hedychium coronariumJ.König) belongs tofamily Zingiberaceae, is a rhizomatous herb widely used in India as an febrifuge, eye tonic, anti-rheumatic, anthelmintic and mild tranquilizer in various Ayurvedic medicines. Over-exploitation of its rhizome for medicinal uses and consequent degradation of its natural habitat are reported to be the major threats to this plant. The herb is restricted to Anuppur, Amarkantak region including Chhattisgarh state, India. The results revealed that plant density (2 plant/ha.) and regeneration ( 1/ ha.) in protected areas (Achanakmar- Amarkantak Biosphere Reserve) were found low. On the contrary, in the natural forests the plant population was observed very poor (Avg.0.62/ha.). Almost nil regeneration was observed in the open natural forests of Anuppur and Dindori districts. The major causes for population decline in the study area are habitat destruction, complete uprooting of plants, immature harvesting and increased market demand of Ark (juice) extracted from its flowers. The population status of species and causes of its population decline in central Indian tropical forests is discussed in this paper.

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