5th International Young Scientist Congress (IYSC-2019).  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Autocorrelation Simulation Studies for Horizontal Transmission of Ethno- Medicinal-Knowledge Related with Two Corporeal Systems

Author Affiliations

  • 118E/564 CHB, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., Volume 2, Issue (12), Pages 18-29, December,10 (2013)


The simulation modelling of cultural transmission (particularly horizontal) is a useful tool to identified the spread of cultural traits. In present investigation autocorrelation indices (Moran’s I and Geary C), variogram and kriging simulation techniques were utilize first time to identify the present strength of horizontal transmission of cultural information (medicinal values) and for their future scope. For incorporation of these techniques data related with two corporeal systems (digestive and reproductive tracts) were collected from 12 villages of semi arid Thar Desert, India. Present simulation approaches increased the sampling efforts 17 and 7 times more from original sampling (n =360) for digestive and reproductive tracts, respectively. Autocorrelation simulation study has suggested the lack of horizontal transmission of cultural information. Further for identification of future potential for spreading the cultural information’s (at horizontal level), data’s regarding different pharmacological properties (30) and for different body systems (12) were treated with simulation approaches like variogram and kriging. Both these techniques simulated the sampling efforts at 5000 iteration and suggested the greater diversity of the traditional knowledge that may be spread in between and among communities with proper planning’s.


  1. Garcia R.V., Broesch J., Mir C.L., Pelaez N.F., McDade W.T., Parsa S., Tanner S., Huanca T., Leonard W.R., Maria R., and Rodriguez, M., Cultural transmission of Ethnobotanical knowledge and skills: an empirical analysis from and Amerindian society, Evol. Human Behav., 30,274-285 (2009)
  2. Boyd R. and Richerson P., Culture and the evolutionary process, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, (1985)
  3. Cavalli-Sforza L.L., and Feldman M., Cultural transmission and evolution: A quantitative approach, Princeton: Princeton University Press (1981)
  4. Richerson P. and Boyd R., Note by genes alone: How culture transformed human evolution, Chicago: University of Chicago Press (2005)
  5. McLlreath R. and Strimling P., When natural selection favours imitation of parents, Curr Anthropol., 49, 307-316 (2008)
  6. Tehrani J.J. and Collard M., On the relationship between inter-individual cultural transmission and population-level cultural diversity: a case study of weaving in Iranian tribal population, Eval. Hum.Behav., 30, 286-300 (2009)
  7. Albuquerque U.P., and Oliveira, R.F., Is the use –impact on native Caatinga species in Brazil reduced by the high species richness of medicinal plants?, J. Ethnopharmacol., 113, 156-170 (2007)
  8. Moran P.A.P., Notes on continuous stochastic phenomena, Biometrics, 37, 17-23 (1950)
  9. Boots B.N. and Getis A., Point Pattern Analysis, Newburry Park, CA, Sage Publication (1988)
  10. Zhang C.S. and McGrath D., Geostatistical and GIS analyses on soil organic carbon concentrations in grassland of southeastern Ireland from two different periods,Geoderma, 119, 261–275 (2004)
  11. Geary R., The contiguity ratio and statistical mapping, The Incorporated Statistician, 115-45 (1954)
  12. Sawada M., Rookcase: An excel 97/2000 visual basic add-in exploring global and local spatial autocorrelation. Ecology, 80 (4): 231-234. (1999)
  13. Robertson G.P., GS: Geostatistics for the Environmental Sciences. Gamma Design Software, Plainwell, Michigan USA (2008)
  14. Atran S., Medin D. and Ross N., Evolution and devolution of knowledge: A tale of two biologist, J. Roy. Anthropol. Inst., 10, 395-420 (2004)
  15. Nabhan G.P., St- Antoine S., The loss of floral and faunal story: The extinction of experience. In: Kellert SR, Wilson EO, editors, The Biophilia Hypothesis, Washington, D.C.: Island Press; 229-250 (1993)
  16. Medin D., Ross N., Atran S., Burnett R. and Blok S., Categorization and reasoning in relation to culture and expertise. In: Ross B, editor. Psychology of Learning and Motivation, New York: Academic Press, 1-41 (2002)
  17. García R.V., Vadez V., Huanca T., Leonard W.R., McDade T., Economic development and local ecological knowledge: A deadlock? Data from a native Amazonian society, Human Ecology, 35, 371–377 (2006)
  18. Brodt S., A systems perspective on the conservation and erosion of indigenous agricultural knowledge in Central India, Hum Ecol., 29(1), 99-120 (2001)
  19. Ross N., Cognitive aspects of intergenerational change: Mental models, cultural change, and environmental behavior among the Lacandón Maya of southern Mexico, Hum Org.,61(2), 125-38 (2002)
  20. Ohmagari K. and Berkes F., Transmission of indigenous knowledge and bush skills among the Western James Bay Cree women of sub artic Canada, Hum Ecol., 25(2), 197- 221 (1997)
  21. Wolff P. and Medin D.L., Measuring the evolution and devolution of folk-biological knowledge, In: Maffi L, editor. On bio-cultural diversity, Linking language, knowledge, and the environment, Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press; 213-227 (2001)
  22. Reuben C. Rine, Katsa Manasseh and Hassan Suleiman C., Prevalence of Intestinal Amoebiasis in School Age Children in Lafia, Nasarawa State, Nigeria, International Research Journal of Biological Sciences,2(7), 42-45 (2013)
  23. Sharma Abhishek, Patil Ujwala, Kakkar Shivani and Bhot Meeta, Evaluation of Antibacterial Activity of Tecomella undulata leaves crude Extracts, Int. Res. J. Biological Sci.,2(6), 60-62 (2013)
  24. Sinhababu Arijit and Banerjee Arpita, Documentation of Some Ethno-medicinal Plants of Family Lamiaceae in Bankura District, West Bengal, India, Int. Res. J. Biological Sci.,2(6), 63-65 (2013)
  25. Kavitha K.S., Syed Baker, Rakshith D., Kavitha H.U., Yashwantha Rao H.C., Harini B.P. and Satish S., Plants as Green Source towards Synthesis of Nanoparticles Int. Res. J. Biological Sci.,2(6),66-76, (2013)
  26. Hegde Chaitra R., M. Madhuri, Swaroop T. Nishitha, Das Arijit, Bhattacharya Sourav and K.C. Rohit, ISCA, Evaluation of Antimicrobial Properties, Phytochemical Contents and Antioxidant Capacities of Leaf Extracts of Punica granatum L., J. Biological Sci., 1(2), 32-37 (2012)