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Review on feeding and reproductive biology of two spot barb (Pethia ticto) (Hamilton, 1822)

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Industrial Fish and Fisheries, Brahmananda Keshab Chandra College, Kolkata, India

Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., Volume 10, Issue (3), Pages 58-63, August,10 (2021)


Pethia ticto, commonly known as two spot barb is a common cyprinid species of many Asian countries like Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Thailand. This fish species is euryhaline in nature and inhabits rivers, streams, pools, ponds, lakes, reservoirs etc. Due to the presence of high nutritional value, along with other important small indigenous fish species it has been considered as a source of nutrition for the poor people. It is popular as ornamental species too and its potential as mosquito bio-control agent has also been documented. Though this fish species has been recorded as Least Concerned species in IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, with increased pressure on its population due to over fishing and other anthropogenic factors, declined population of P. ticto has already been documented from India and Bangladesh. In Bangladesh, it has been enlisted as vulnerable while in India it has been documented as Lower Risk near Threatened species. Thus, considering this situation, population of P. ticto needs utmost measures for conservation. Conservation of any fish species needs proper knowledge on its feeding and reproductive biology. The present review has been aimed to consolidate the already documented information on feeding and reproductive biology of P. ticto and to point out the lacunae as well as the further scope of research to promote its in-situ conservation as well as fishery.


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