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Biodegrading and Bio deteriorating monuments of Ujjain: a comparison of the current status to Simhasth 2016 of Ujjain, MP, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1School of Studies in Microbiology, Vikram University, Ujjain, MP, India
  • 2School of Studies in Microbiology, Vikram University, Ujjain, MP, India

Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., Volume 10, Issue (2), Pages 30-35, May,10 (2021)


The conditions of monuments affected by biodegradation and biodeterioration before and after Simhasth 2016 Ujjain M.P. India were monitored. Maintenance activities carried out on the ancient monuments of Ujjain including Temples for 2016 Simhasth were analyzed. In this study we compared the present condition of these monuments to before Simhasth 2016 of the same. We made comparisons of these monuments by photographs of then and now by using grid counts. The visible biodegraded and biodeteriorated mean area was decreased less than 2% since the time before Simhasth (Chi-Square p<0.004). This improvement was mostly because of eradication of scaled and biofilm areas. This manuscript is an effort to promote comprehensive restoration plans. Also regularly maintaining, conserving and restoring the monuments of ecological importance. In future, this can also serve as new tool for scientific quantification and analysis of stone damage.


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