Occurrence of fungi causes otomycosis in rural areas of MP, India
- 1School of Studies in Microbiology, Vikram University, Ujjain, MP, 456010, India
- 2School of Studies in Microbiology, Vikram University, Ujjain, MP, 456010, India
Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., Volume 10, Issue (1), Pages 33-35, February,10 (2021)
Otomycosis is a subacute or chronic superficial fungal infectious disease of the outer auditory meatus. In this study, the main objective is to define the etiological agents and predisposing factors of Otomycosis. This disease is involved in various sex and age groups. A total of 80 clinical specimens are collected from the external auditory canal. All clinical specimens are collected by sterile cotton swabs and inoculated on Sabourauds dextrose agar. All isolated fungal agents were examined by the mycological investigation. In our present study Aspergillus niger 43.73% and Candida species 35.2% are the major fungal isolates. A higher incidence of Otomycosis is predominant seen in male patients between 21-30 years of age. Pruritus is the common fungal symptoms of Otomycosis. In this study, a high incidence of Otomycosis is encountered in rural areas peoples, because due to the high humidity, moist, and dusty environment. The present study focuses on educating the people about predisposing factors (self-cleaning) and aware of treatment methods of Otomycosis.
- Emmons, C.W., Binford, C.H., Utz, J.P., and Kwon-Chung, K.J. (1977)., Medical Mycology., 3rd ed Lea and Febiger, Philadelphia.
- Anaissie, E.J., McGinnis, M.R. and Pfaller, M.A. (2003)., Clinical Mycology., Elsevier Sciences, Philadelphia, pp 464.
- Munguia, R. and Daniel, S.J. (2008)., Ototopical antifungal and Otomycosis: A review., International Journal Pediatric Otorhinolaryngol., 72, 453-9.
- Paulose, K.O., Al-Khalifa, S., Shenoy, P., and Sharma, R.K. (1989)., Mycotic infections of the ear (Otomycosis): A prospective study., Journal Laryngol Otol., 103(1), 30-35.
- Fasunla, J., Ibekwe, T., and Onakoya, P. (2008)., Otomycosis in western Nigeria., Mycoses., 51, 67-70.
- Loh, K., Tan, K., and Kumarasinghe, B. (1998)., Otitis externa- the clinical pattern in a tertiary institution in Singapore., Ann Acad Med, Singapore, 27, 215-218.
- Kaur, R., Mittal, N., Kakkar, M., Aggrawal, A.K., and Mathur, M.D. (2000)., Otomycosis a clinicomycologic study., Ear Nose Throat J., 79(8), 606-609.
- Araiza, J., Canseco, P., and Bonifaz, A. (2006)., Otomycosis: clinical and mycological study of 97 cases., Rev Laryngol Otol Rhinol., 127, 251-254.
- Fischer, F. and Cook, M.B. (1998)., Some opportunistic fungi and yeasts and yeast-like fungi., Fundamentals of Diagnostic Mycology, W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia, USA, pp 35-225.
- Pontes, Z.B.V.D.S., Silva, A.D.F., Lima, E.D.O., and Guerra, F.Q.S. (2009)., Otomycosis: A retrospective study., Braz J Otorhinol., 75(3), 367-370.
- Pahwa, V.K., Chamiyal, P.C., and Suri, P.N. (1983)., Mycological study in Otomycosis., Indian J Med Res., 77, 334-338.
- Aneja, K.R., Sharma, C., and Joshi, R. (2010)., Fungal infection of the ear: a common problem in the north eastern part of Haryana., Int J Ped Otorhinolaryngol., 74(6), 604-607.
- Kumar, A. (2005)., Fungal spectrum in Otomycosis patients., JK Science., 7, 152-155.
- Pardhan, B., Tuladhar, N.R., and Amatya, R.M. (2003)., Prevalence of Otomycosis in outpatient Department of Otolaryngology in Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal., Ann Otol Rhino Laryngol., 52, 76-80.
- Ologe, F.E. and Nwabuisi, C. (2002)., Treatment outcome of Otomycosis in IIorin, Nigeria., West Afr J Med., 21, 34-36.
- Prasad, S.C., Kotigadde, S., and Manisha, S et al. (2014)., Primary Otomycosis in the Indian subcontinent: Predisposing factors, Microbiology and Classification., International Journal of Microbiology., 1-9.
- Jain, S.K. and Agrawal, S.C. (1992)., Sporostatic effect of some oils against fungi causing Otomycosis., Indian Journal of Medical Sciences, 46, 1-6.
- Kiakojori, K., Bagherpour Jamnani, N., Khafri, S. and Mahdavi Omran S. (2018)., Assessment of response to treatment in patients with Otomycosis., Iran J Otorhinolaryngol., 30(96), 41-47.
- Jadhav, V., Pal M., and Mishra, G. (2003)., Etiological significance of Candida albicans and Aspergillus sp. in otitis externa., Mycopathologia., 156, 313-315.
- Ozcan, K.M., Ozcan, M., Karaarslan, A., and Karaarslan, F. (2003)., Otomycosis in Turkey: predisposing factors, aetiology and therapy., J Laryngol Otol., 117(1), 39-42.