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Traditional Medicinal Uses, Phytochemical Profile and Pharmacological Activities of Cassia fistula Linn.

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Department of Botany, Wilson College, Mumbai– 400 007, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., Volume 1, Issue (5), Pages 79-84, September,10 (2012)

Abstract

Cassia fistula Linn. (Family Leguminosae, Sub – family Caesalpinea), a very common Indian plant is known for its medicinal properties. This plant is also known as Indian Laburnum, Yellow shower because of its characteristic yellow flowers in pendulous raceme and with typical branches. It is a native of Tropical Asia. It is widely cultivated in South Africa, Mexico, East Africa and Brazil. This plant is used in folk medicine for tumors of the abdomen, glands, liver and throat cancer. It is also used to cure burns, constipation, convulsions, diarrhea, dysuria and epilepsy. Ayurvedic medicines recognizes as carminative and laxative. It is also used to cure leprosy, skin dieseases and syphilis. Phytochemical investigations prove its importance as an important valuable medicinal plant. C. fistula is known to be an important source of secondary metabolites notably phenolic compounds. It is known as rich source of tannins, flavonoids and glycosides. Pharmacological activities include antibacterial, antidiabetic, antifertility, anti-inflammatory antioxidant, hypatoprotective, antitumor, antifungal activities. This article aims to provide a comprehensive review on morphology, traditional uses, phytochemical constituents and pharmacological activities.

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