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Germination Potential and Seedling Performance of Green Gram in Arsenic Contaminated Hydroponic Culture

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Environmental Sciences (Auto) Sambalpur University, Jyoti Vihar-768019, Orissa, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., Volume 1, Issue (5), Pages 1-5, September,10 (2012)

Abstract

In the present study, short term hydroponic culture experiments using cotton soaked with sodium arsenite and arsenic contaminated poultry dung suspension have been conducted on green gram. In poultry dung average pH, conductivity, organic carbon, nitrate, phosphate and arsenic content were found as 7.25 0.59, 1.256 0.08 mS, 218.4 32.75mg/gm, 2.57 0.17mg/gm, 21.44 4.47mg/gm, and 0.0380.005mg/gm respectively. In sodium arsenite contaminated culture with arsenic concentration ranging from 0.5 to 10 ppm, maximum seed germination was found in 0.5 ppm As (98.88%) and minimum in 10 ppm (30 %). Germination index (GI), relative growth index (RGI) and quality index (QI) also showed a maximum of 96.61%, 95.54% and 0.234% respectively at 0.05 ppm As in arsenic contaminated culture. Poultry dung suspension (PDS) culture showed 100% seed germination in 1%, 3% and 5% poultry dung suspension (PDS) and in 7%,10%, 15%, 20%, 25% and 50% the germination was found as 98.88%, 96.66%, 86.66%, 73.33%, 71.11% and 53.33% respectively with a maximum of 99.12% GI, 98.21% RGI and 1.44% QI at 1% PDS respectively. Thus PDS culture was favourable for germination and seedling potential of gram

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