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Pigment Degradation of Higher Plants near Sugar Mill

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Chemistry, Sri Meenakshi Government Arts College for Women (Autonomous), Madurai-625, INDIA
  • 2Department of Chemistry, J.A. College for Women (Autonomous), Periyakulam-625 601, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., Volume 1, Issue (4), Pages 28-32, August,10 (2012)

Abstract

Sugar industry generate a significant large amount of waste during the manufacture of sugar and contains a high amount of production load particularly in items of suspended solids, organic matters, press-mud, bagasses and air pollution. Air pollutants from sugar mill can directly affect plants via leaves or indirectly via soil acidification. When exposed to air pollutants, most plant experience physiological changes before exhibiting visible damage to leaves. Leaf pigment content can provide valuable insight into the physiological performance of leaves. In the present study, the extraction of chlorophyll and their derivatives were studied in the five tree species such as Ficus benghalensis, Delonix regia, Ficus religiosa, Azadirachta indica and Pongamia pinnata. The study area was polluted with organic pollutants which results in reduced pigment levels in the leaves. The pheophytin a and b were formed greater than hundred percent in Delonix regia Azadirachta indica and Pongamia pinnata. For Ficus benghalensis, pheophytin a was found to be 27.17% and pheophytin b was more than hundred percent. In Ficus religiosa, pheophytin a was formed by 41.09% where as pheophytin b was produced less than the residential area. These results indicate that the degradation of chlorophyll was higher near sugar mill because of the emission of gases. Among the five tree species growing near sugar mill, Ficus religiosa showed minimum decomposition of chlorophyll and it was suggested to grow these species to reduce the load of pollution near sugar mills.

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