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Dye Yielding Plants of the Garhwal Himalaya, India: A Case Study

Author Affiliations

  • 1Herbarium and Plant Systematic Laboratory, Department of Botany, H.N.B. Garhwal Central University, Tehri Garhwal, INDIA
  • 2Govt. P.G. College, New Tehri, Uttarakhand, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., Volume 1, Issue (4), Pages 69-72, August,10 (2012)

Abstract

Indians have been considered as forerunners in the art of natural dyeing. Natural dyes find use in the coloring of textiles, drugs, cosmetics, etc. Owing to their nontoxic effects, they are also used for coloring various food products. Although indigenous knowledge system has been practiced over the years in the past, the use of natural dyes has diminished over generations due to lack of documentation. Also there is not much information available on databases of either dye-yielding plants or their products. The present paper is based on the extensive survey, collection of ethno-botanical information and review of relevant literature on the dye yielding resources of the Garhwal Himalaya. The study reports on 46 dye yielding plants belonging to 33 families, along with their vernacular names, habit, parts used, nature of dye and distribution. The aim of the present study has been to investigate the availability of natural dye-yielding plant species in the study area and gather information on traditional knowledge system associated with extraction and use of natural dyes by the villagers. Organic dyeing not only helps preserve the traditional art of weaving and design, but also provides employment and yields economic and ecological benefits. It also describes the preparation of dyeing stuffs, use of mordant and specific dye utilization to serve various purposes, including of new dye resources.

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