6th International Young Scientist Congress (IYSC-2020) and Workshop on Intellectual Property Rights. 10th International Science Congress (ISC-2020).  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Dye Yielding Plants of the Garhwal Himalaya, India: A Case Study

Author Affiliations

  • 1Herbarium and Plant Systematic Laboratory, Department of Botany, H.N.B. Garhwal Central University, Tehri Garhwal, INDIA
  • 2Govt. P.G. College, New Tehri, Uttarakhand, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., Volume 1, Issue (4), Pages 69-72, August,10 (2012)


Indians have been considered as forerunners in the art of natural dyeing. Natural dyes find use in the coloring of textiles, drugs, cosmetics, etc. Owing to their nontoxic effects, they are also used for coloring various food products. Although indigenous knowledge system has been practiced over the years in the past, the use of natural dyes has diminished over generations due to lack of documentation. Also there is not much information available on databases of either dye-yielding plants or their products. The present paper is based on the extensive survey, collection of ethno-botanical information and review of relevant literature on the dye yielding resources of the Garhwal Himalaya. The study reports on 46 dye yielding plants belonging to 33 families, along with their vernacular names, habit, parts used, nature of dye and distribution. The aim of the present study has been to investigate the availability of natural dye-yielding plant species in the study area and gather information on traditional knowledge system associated with extraction and use of natural dyes by the villagers. Organic dyeing not only helps preserve the traditional art of weaving and design, but also provides employment and yields economic and ecological benefits. It also describes the preparation of dyeing stuffs, use of mordant and specific dye utilization to serve various purposes, including of new dye resources.


  1. Ansari A.A. and Ghana N., Some medicinal plants of Pauri, Garhwal, Himalayan Chem., Pharm. Bull,, 42-44 (1985)
  2. Badoni A.K. and Badoni, Ethnobotanical heritage, In: (O.P. Kandari and O.P. Gusain eds), Garhwal Himalaya: Nature, Culture and Society Transmedia, Media House, Srinagar, Garhwal, 127-147, (2001)
  3. Gaur R.D., Flora of the District Garhwal: North West Himalaya (with ethnobotanical Notes), Transmedia, Srinagar (Garhwal) (1999)
  4. Jain S.K., Ethnobotany, Interdisciplinary Science Reviews 11(3), 285-292 (1986)
  5. Jain S.K., Dictionary of Indian Folk Medicine and Ethnobotany, Deep Publications, New Delhi (1991)
  6. Rawat D.S., Bhandari B.S. and Gaur R.D., Vegetation Wealth of Garhwal Himalaya, In: Kandari O.P. and Gusain O.P. (eds.), Himalaya: Nature, Culture and Society, Transmedia, Srinagar Garhwal, 69-92 (2001)
  7. Badoni A.K., Ethno-botany of hill tribes of Uttarkashi: plants used in rituals and psycho-medicinal practices, J. Himal. Studies and Regional Develop,11-12, 103-115 (1987-1988)
  8. Dangwal L.R. and Sharma A., Ethnomedicinal plants used to cure different diseases by peoples of Tehri district in the Garhwal Himalaya, Uttarakhand, J. Econ. Taxon. Bot.,34(3), 580-585 (2010)
  9. Dangwal L.R., Sharma A. and Rana C.S., Ethnomedicinal plants of the Garhwal Himalaya used to cure various diseases: A Case Study, New York Science Journal,3(12), 28-31 (2010)
  10. 10Dangwal L.R. and Sharma A., Indigenous traditional knowledge recorded on some medicinal plant in Narendra Nagar (Tehri Garhwal), Uttarakhand, Indian Journal of Nature Products and Resources,2(1), 116-120 (2011)
  11. Gaur R.D., Traditional dye yielding plants of Uttarakhand, Natural Product Radiance, , 154-165 (2008)
  12. 2Gaur R.D, Semwal J.K., and Tiwari J.K., A survey of high altitude medicinal plants of Garhwal Himalaya, Bull. Medic. Ethnobot. Res,, 102-116 (1984)
  13. 3Gulrajani M.L., Present status of natural dye, Indian J. Fibre Text.Res, 26, 91– 201 (2001)
  14. 4Sainkhediya Jeetendra and Aske D.K., Ethnomedicinal plants used by tribal communities for the treatment of Snake bite in west Nimar, M.P, India, ISCA J. Biological Sci., 1(2), 77-79 (2012)
  15. 5Mahanta D. and Tiwari S.C., Natural dye-yielding plants and indigenous knowledge on dye preparation in Arunachal Pradesh, Northeast India, Curr. Sci, 88, 1474–1480 (2005)
  16. 6Siva R., Status of natural dyes and dye yielding plants in India, Curr. Sci.,92(7), 916-925 (2007)
  17. 7Jain S.K. and Rao R.R., Field and Herbarium Methods. Today and Tommarow‘s Printers and Publishers, New Delhi (1997)
  18. 8Singh H.B. and Subramanyam, Field manual of Herbarium Techniques NISCAIR (CSIR) New Delhi-12 (2008)