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Outpatient treatment protocol for iron deficiency anemia in Brazilian preschoolers

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Pediatrics, UNILAGO Medicine School, São José do Rio Preto, São Paulo, Brazil
  • 2Department of Pediatrics, UNILAGO Medicine School, São José do Rio Preto, São Paulo, Brazil
  • 3Department of Pediatrics, UNILAGO Medicine School, São José do Rio Preto, São Paulo, Brazil
  • 4Department of Pediatrics, UNILAGO Medicine School, São José do Rio Preto, São Paulo, Brazil
  • 5Department of Pediatrics, UNILAGO Medicine School, São José do Rio Preto, São Paulo, Brazil

Res. J. Family, Community and Consumer Sci., Volume 5, Issue (8), Pages 1-3, October,27 (2017)

Abstract

Iron deficiency anemia is the most common type of nutritional disorder in childhood; the two most vulnerable groups are preschool children and pregnant women. The treatment of iron deficiency anemia involves iron supplementation, including food fortification and dietary guidance. This study proposes a protocol for the prophylaxis and treatment of iron deficiency anemia using ferrous sulfate supplementation in preschoolers in the outpatient clinic of the UNILAGO Medicine School. Along with iron supplementation, natural orange juice will be fortified with ferrous sulfate and parents will be counseled on the importance of meat in the diet. Special emphasis on the consumption of beef liver and chicken gizzards in the meals of six-month-old infants will be given. In case of side effects with daily oral iron supplementation, intermittent oral iron supplementation will be used once a week.

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