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Modernization of Indian Higher Education System: An evaluation in the twenty first century

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Political Science, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, UP, India

Res. J.Educational Sci., Volume 8, Issue (1), Pages 6-13, August,1 (2020)


Education is the most important service for the progress of human being in every country. It is necessary for the formation of character of the people. Due to education, we realize the significance and purpose of society and are capable to achieve more opportunities, resources and off course power. If education is promoted it enhances the value string of a nation. When we talk about higher education it mainly includes teaching, research, and rigorous practical work as in medical colleges and the activities of universities in the arena of social service. In the sphere of teaching, it involves both the graduate as well as postgraduate-levels. In India it has been expanded speedily over the last two decades just because of the involvement of the private individual or agencies. It is also noted that higher education also faces different systemic deficiencies such as high fees, low quality of education etc. At present time, the issues like institutions quantity, areas of education, pattern of enrollment, and teacher accessibility, constitutional provisions on higher education, practice of government, discrepancy in acquiring higher education, contemporary trends like privatization and globalization and trend in finance are the burning questions in higher education. In this paper the chief emphasis is to discuss the notion of higher education, to explore the historical background and the present condition of Indian higher education and the recent trends prevailing in higher education system of India.


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