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Twenty first century skills and science achievement of grade 10 students: a causal – comparative study

Author Affiliations

  • 1Colegio San Agustin - Biñan, Junior High School Department, 4024 Biñan City, Philippines
  • 2Technological University of the Philippines, College of Science, Manila City, Philippines

Res. J.Educational Sci., Volume 6, Issue (1), Pages 7-13, January,1 (2018)


This study determined if the 21st century skills constructs namely, digital age literacy, inventive thinking, effective communication, and high productivity were significant drivers of students’ science achievement. It utilized an exploratory, descriptive, and causal-comparative designs involving four sections of Grade 10 students enrolled in Science Grade 10, AY 2016 – 2017. Two instruments were used in the study, the 21st century Skills of Science Students (21CSSS) and the Science Achievement Test (SAT). Result revealed that majority of the Grade 10 students both male and female have an average level of 21st century skills constructs and achievement in science. Also, result showed that Digital Age Literacy (DAL) and Inventive Thinking (IT) skills significantly affect the science achievement of the students, this is significant at 0.05 level because it does not contain 1 on its confidence limit, it can be generalized onto the entire population of Grade 10 students. However, the sex (male or female) is found not to be significant to science achievement, but the effect of it was kept because of the goal of the study is to control for initial differences in sex (male or female). Lastly, the science achievement of the high achieving students (HAS) and low achieving students (LAS) directly affected by their DAL skill with an odd ratio estimate of 0.877 and IT skill with an odd ratio estimate of 0.734. Thus, the science achievement of HAS and LAS is explained by their DAL and IT skills.


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