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Degree of Parental Support and Level of Adaptive Skills of Children with Mental Retardation

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Philippine Normal University, North Luzon Campus, the Indigenous Peoples Education HUB, Aurora, Alicia, Isabela, PHILIPPINES

Res. J.Educational Sci., Volume 3, Issue (9), Pages 1-7, November,1 (2015)


This research article exposed significant relationship between degree of parental support and level of adaptive skills of mentally retarded children in functional skills, home living, community living, and social living activities. A null hypothesis no significant relationship between degree of parental support and level of adaptive skills was tested at .05 level of significance. The ten teachers and thirteen parents who comprised the population of respondents in selected Special Education (SPED) schools in Isabela, Philippines were involved. Jabay’s instrument was adapted. It utilized Weighted Mean, Standard Deviation and Spearman Rho Correlation Coefficient. Parent’s self-appraisal revealed “great” support with composite average weighted mean of 3.52. Teachers observed adaptive skills as moderately developed with composite average weighted mean of 3.20. Home living activities registered significant correlation to parental support with p-value of 0.016 and r-value of 0.702. Community living activities also registered significant correlation with p-value of 0.005 and r-value of 0.781.


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