International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Perceptions of Teachers on the Use of Corporal Punishment in Schools: A Case of Kang Secondary Schools

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Botswana College of Agriculture, P/Bag 0027, Gaborone, BOTSWANA

Res. J.Educational Sci., Volume 3, Issue (6), Pages 1-6, August,1 (2015)


Corporal punishment is the most common method used in Botswana schools to instil student discipline. This investigated the extent to which the rules and regulations governing the use of corporal punishment in schools are followed and the challenges hindering adherence to these rules and regulations. The study was conducted at Matsha Community College and Motaung Junior Secondary School in Botswana targeting all teachers at the two schools. Fifty-four (54) teachers from Matsha College and thirty-three (33) teachers from Motaung JSS participated in the study. Data were collected using a closed-ended questionnaire and was analysed descriptively. The study found that teachers from the targeted schools adhered to the rules and regulations governing the use of corporal punishment but there are challenges that hinder complete adherence. In view of the findings, the study recommends increased and continuous capacity building of teacher on the rules and regulations governing the use of corporal punishment in schools.


  1. Dembo M.H., Applying Educational Psychology. Longman, New York, (1994)
  2. Global Initiative to End All Corporal Punishment of Children: Prohibiting Corporal Punishment of Children: A Guide to Legal Reform and Other Measures, Legal Reform Handbook, (2009)
  3. Naz A., Khan W., Daraz U., Hussain M. and Khan Q., The Impact of Corporal Punishment on Students’ Academic/Career and Personality Development up-to Secondary Level Education in Khyber Pakhunkhwa, International Journal of Business and Social Science, 2(2),130–140 (2012)
  4. Umzinwa R.N and Elendu C., Perception of teachers towards the Use of Punishment in Sancta Maria Primary School Onista, Anambra State, Nigeria. Journal of Education and Practice, 3(2), 49–57 (2012)
  5. Tafa E.M., Corporal Punishment: the brutal face of Botswana’s authoritarianschool, Educational Review, 54(1), 17-26 (2002)
  6. The Attorney General, Republic of Botswana, Penal Code Chapter 08:01. Government Printer, Gaborone, (1964)
  7. Ministry of Education, Republic of Botswana, Education Act Chapter 58:01. Government Printer, Gaborone, (1967)
  8. Kelebonye G. Mmegi Newspaper- Corporal Punishment in schools under spotlight, Accessed 22nd October 2013from (2013)
  9. Jotia A.L. and Boikhutso K., How Corporal Punishment Undermines a Democratic Society: Is its Use Necessary in Botswana Schools?, J Sociology Soc Anth, 3(2), 119–126 (2012)
  10. Selemogwe D., Botswana Guardian newspaper: Ledumang students attack teacher, 6, 14 (2013)
  11. Creswell J.W., Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed Methods Approaches, Sage Publications, London, (2009)
  12. Garegae K.G., The crisis of the student discipline in Botswana schools: an impact of culturally conflicting disciplinary strategies, Education Research and Review, 3(1) 048-055 (2008)
  13. Okiemute A.R., Moral Conducts of Students in Secondary Schools in Delta State: An Assessment of the Effects of Native Culture on Discipline, Order and Control, African Journal of Education and Technology, 1(1), 45–59 (2011)
  14. Shumba A., Pupil Physical Abuse by Secondary School Teachers in Zimbabwe: A Child –rearing Practice or Cultural Dilemmam, Journal of Aggression, Maltreatmentand Trauma, 8(4), 143–159 (2003)
  15. Shumba A., Student Teachers’ Perceptions of the Nature, Extent and Causes of Child Abuse by Teachers in Zimbabwean Secondary Schools, Journal of Social Sciences, 28(3), 169-179 (2011)
  16. Shumba A., Ndofirepi A.P. and Musengi M., An Exploratory Study of Corporal Punishment by Teachers in Zimbabwean Schools: Issues and Challenges, International Journal of Educational Science, 4(3), 279–287 (2012)
  17. Baputaki C., Mmegi newspaper: School Heads Ignore Caning. Accessed 18th October 2013from (2013)
  18. Task Force on Pastoral Policy for Schools., Botswana Pastoral Policy for Schools. Accessed 20th October 2013 from, (2013)
  19. UNICEF manual on Child Friendly Schools. Accessed 19thOctober 2013, (2013)
  20. Fraenkel R.J., Wallen E.N. and Hyun H.H., How to Design and Evaluate Research in Education: McGraw-Hill Companies, London (2012)
  21. Gliem J.A. and Gliem R.R., Calculating, Interpreting, and reporting Cronbach’s Alpha Reliability Coefficient for Likert-type scales. Accessed 25th October 2013 from (2013)
  22. Strauss A. and Corbin J., Basics of Qualitative Research: Grounded theory and procedures and techniques, Sage, London (1990)
  23. Macheng B. and Phinias-Bingana U., Parental Involvement Level: A Factor Associated With Differences in Performance among Students at Tsodilo Secondary School in Botswana, Research Journal of Educational Sciences.,2(1), 8-12 (2014)