International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Education and Change in Religious Practices in Uzbekistan

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Research Scholar in Sociology, Centre of Central Asian Studies University of Kashmir, INDIA

Res. J.Educational Sci., Volume 3, Issue (3), Pages 1-5, April,1 (2015)


Islamic education in Uzbekistan had a long history like other sister republic states. Uzbekistan was a hub of Islamic learning from thousand years. Soviets tried to discard the religious activities from the life of the people of Central Asia and an example of which is that mosques, Churchs and other religious centres were banned and finally closed, and the same was the case with Islamic education. Soviets ideology was that religious activities or teaching gave an orthodox view about life which hinders the growth of development or change for betterment. The main reasons for changing religious practices in soviet were due to renaissance, growth of science, expansion of modern education, urbanization etc. Soviets succeeded in suppressing Islam in public life. However, in both suppression and repression conditions, Islam and Islamic education continued to survive in Central Asia including Uzbekistan. After obtaining independence Uzbek government assesses the content of Islam in public life through Islamic education and restores mosques and Churchs.


  1. Subtenlny M. and Khalidov A., The Curriculum of Islamic Higher Learning in Timurid Iran in Light of the Sunni Revival Under Shah- Rukh, in: Journal of the American Oriental Society,115, 210-211,237 (1995)
  2. Khidayator G., Uzbekistan between the Past and Future, Contemporary Central Asia, I(1), 15 (1997)
  3. H. Trancis, Skrin and Edmon Ross, The Heart of Asia, London, 326, 335 (1919)
  4. Fanny Brayan, Anti-Islamic Propaganda 1925-35, Central Asia Survey No. 1,(20) (1986)
  5. B. Hayat Documents, Soviet Russian Anti-Islamic Policy In Turkistan, Dushambe, 18-19 (1939)
  6. Gorbacov, Religious Survival In USSR, Moscow, (1917)
  7. The Muzhik and the Commissar, time magazine, 30 November, (1953)
  8. Adeeb Khalid, Islam after Communism: Religion and Politics in Central Asia, California London, 79-80 (1964)
  9. Shakirov Y., Al-Azhar university and Uzbekistan, in: Muslims of the Soviet East, No. 1, 24-25 (1975)
  10. B. Balci, Fethullah Gulen’s Missionary schools in Central Asia and their role in the spreading of Turkism and Islam, in: Religion, State and society no., 31, 151-152 (2003)
  11. Transactions of the International Conference Imam Al- Maturidi And his Place In Islamic Philosophy, Samarkand, (2000)
  12. Habiba Fathi, Otnis: The Unknown Women Clerics of Central Asian Islam, In: Central Asian Survey No., 16, 27 (1997)
  13. Z.I. Munavvarov and R.J. Krumm, Secularity and Religion In Muslim Countries: Searching for A Rational Balance, Tashkent, 199 (2005)
  14. Information brochure of the Uzbek Ministry of Justice State Registration of Religious Organisations (Regulation Passed By The Government of The Republic Of Uzbekistan on 2o June 1998); Religion Act: on The Freedom of Conscience and Religious Organisations Adopted by Uzbekistani Parliament on 1 May (1998)
  15. Friedrich-Ebert –Foundation, Implications of Islam for the life of Uzbekistanis, Tashkent, 10 (2003)
  16. Barnett R. Rubin and Jack Snyder (eds.), Post-Soviet Political Order: Conflict and State Building, New York and London: Routledge, 128 (1998)
  17. Social Issues, Freedom of Religion, Embassy of Uzbekistan to the United States 2004,, accessed on 13th of march (2013)
  18., accessed on 17th of December(2014)
  19. Grant Garrard Beckwith, Uzbekistan: Islam, Communism, and Religious Liberty-An Appraisal of Uzbekistan's 1998 Law "On Freedom of Conscience and Religious Organizations", Issue 3 Article 15, Volume (2000)
  20., accessed on 18th of December (2013)
  21., accessed on 19th of December (2013)
  22., accessed on 23th of September (2013)