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A Case study on the School dropout Scheduled Tribal students of Wayanad District, Kerala

Author Affiliations

  • 1Dept. of Communication and Media Studies, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu, INDIA

Res. J.Educational Sci., Volume 2, Issue (3), Pages 1-6, June,1 (2014)

Abstract

Kerala, the southernmost state of India with near total literacy, impressive health indicators, and a vibrant society known to set benchmarks in several avenues of development. The state stands out from the rest of India with 94 percent literacy rate and it has the lowest dropout rate of school students (0.53%) in the country. But Wayanad, a district in the state with a sizeable population of Scheduled Tribes has the highest overall dropout rate in the state. When compared to the total dropout in the district, the tribal dropout was 61.11% in 2007-08 and 5 years later in 2011-12 it rose to 77.23%. This shows the increase of 16.12% of drop out in districtís tribal sector alone. The objective of this paper is to unveil the hidden reasons for these increasing school dropouts among the ST students of Wayanad district, with special reference to the Paniya Tribe. Qualitative analysis and case studies were assessed to elicit the reasons for the increase of tribal dropout rate in the district.This study encompasses both quantitative and qualitative methods. The findings of this study will be useful in providing adequate solutions to this issue, tribal dropout and and implementation of strong constructivist pedagogy and class-oriented learning approach in the tribal areas.

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