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Tourism and earthquake disaster management to enhance disaster risk reduction: a case study from Nalanda District, Bihar, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1School of Ecology and Environment Studies, Nalanda University, Rajgir, Nalanda, Bihar, India

Int. Res. J. Earth Sci., Volume 5, Issue (9), Pages 1-17, October,25 (2017)

Abstract

In spite of expanded worldwide enthusiasm for the effects of cataclysmic events on tourism, little research has ensued into investigating how these are tended to at the tourist destination level. Making a connection amongst tourism and catastrophe risk diminishment and administration is especially imperative in places that depend intensely on tourism and, in the meantime, are inclined to natural hazards. The Indian tourism has developed as one of the key drivers of development among the services sector in India. For a state like Bihar, tourism is a potential game changer and wondrous industry. Districts like Nalanda is recognized for its prosperous culture acquired from various great personalities and several religions along with rich wildlife, birds and sanctuaries and immense agricultural activity. This district is contributing and assisting the Bihar state to pursue the aggrandizement of tourism both overseas as well as in the domestic market. In spite of the fact that many efforts had been made in gauging risks in Bihar, but historical evidence highlights a need to embrace hazard assessment for the Bihar tourism sector. In spite of the fact that the ordinary guidelines, for the most part, embraced by this industry for harm appraisal might be sufficient in ordinary conditions, this is not achievable for an emergency situation or during multiple debacles. One such illustration is earthquake harm, which is not like another catastrophe such as flood, for which one can get early cautioning. In this manner this study provides an outlook to earthquake catastrophe risk appraisal and administration for the tourism business, concentrating on protection and avoidance. To accomplish the research crevice, this study adopted a tourist relations point of view to concentrate consideration on influences and desires of tourist groups crosswise overthe earthquake. Hence author had used mixed method approach. Data gathered during interviews highlight some of the practical issues associated with existing disaster risk reduction and disaster management plans. By outcomes, this article infers that in unique geological condition territories like Nalanda District, existing standard tourism catastrophe arranging with a solitary disciplinary approach is not sufficient to propel information and comprehension. Besides, as noted in the survey, tourists don\'t know about the nearby states of Nalanda locale and exceedingly depend on tourism administrators to give vital data, which may not be accessible. Research is critically requiredfor the danger and catastrophe data techniques for various visitor gatherings and target markets. Each may require isolating messages and data situated in various sources to guarantee that they are perused and comprehended by these gatherings. It is trusted that this fact finding has made a little commitment to learning in the field of tourism fiasco arranging, which requires advance consideration from both tourism policy makers, scientists and strategic planners. It is trusted that a move far from reaction and recuperation to lessening and status, combined with a post-disciplinary way to deal with alook into, will help the tourism business to manage characteristic dangers and calamities later on more adequately.

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