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Curative measures for the polluted Luni River and alternatives for textile industries at Balotara, North Western Rajasthan, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Geology, Govt. Dungar College Bikaner, Rajasthan, India
  • 2Department of Botany, Govt. Dungar College Bikaner, Rajasthan, India

Int. Res. J. Earth Sci., Volume 5, Issue (10), Pages 23-26, November,25 (2017)


The river Luni is known as Maruganga of Marwar region of western Rajasthan which flows in districts of Ajmer, Nagour, Jodhpur, Barmer and Jalore. After originate from Nagpahar of Pushkar valley of Aravalli Range and finally meets to Arabians sea. The city of Balotra is situated on the bank of Luni river and it has got more than 800 units of textiles which are engaged in cotton and synthetic dyeing and printing. These dyeing and printing units discharge about hundreds million liters of effluent per day into the Luni river. The environment around the Balotara is highly excruciating, water in Luni river and ground water is highly polluted, and the atmosphere of surroundings is intolerable due to unmannered discharge of industrial wastes. Hundreds of hectare agriculture land has become barren due to the hazardous chemicals. By the order of the Rajasthan High Court and National Green Tribunal, New Delhi, almost all textile industries were closed for last two years. Now there is need to take some curative measures for the polluted river Luni and rehabilitate the area. There are some alternate industries can be developed to benefitted the stakeholders and local people of area like Handicrafts, Carpets, Darries, Dairies, Guar Gum, Wire and cable, Plaster of Paris industries, Ceramic Industries, Salt processing industries, Fertilizer industries, Stone crushing’s, decorative stone and polish industries etc. Raw materials for all such type of industries are available in vicinity of Balotara and these industries can be established easily. There is huge scope of solar plant establishment in the region. So that this part of Marwar region can be take place on path of the development of economical and infrastructural as well.


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