4th International Young Scientist Congress (IYSC-2018).  Dr. Ashish Sharma   Mobile no. :- +975- 77723866 International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Curative measures for the polluted Luni River and alternatives for textile industries at Balotara, North Western Rajasthan, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Geology, Govt. Dungar College Bikaner, Rajasthan, India
  • 2Department of Botany, Govt. Dungar College Bikaner, Rajasthan, India

Int. Res. J. Earth Sci., Volume 5, Issue (10), Pages 23-26, November,25 (2017)

Abstract

The river Luni is known as Maruganga of Marwar region of western Rajasthan which flows in districts of Ajmer, Nagour, Jodhpur, Barmer and Jalore. After originate from Nagpahar of Pushkar valley of Aravalli Range and finally meets to Arabians sea. The city of Balotra is situated on the bank of Luni river and it has got more than 800 units of textiles which are engaged in cotton and synthetic dyeing and printing. These dyeing and printing units discharge about hundreds million liters of effluent per day into the Luni river. The environment around the Balotara is highly excruciating, water in Luni river and ground water is highly polluted, and the atmosphere of surroundings is intolerable due to unmannered discharge of industrial wastes. Hundreds of hectare agriculture land has become barren due to the hazardous chemicals. By the order of the Rajasthan High Court and National Green Tribunal, New Delhi, almost all textile industries were closed for last two years. Now there is need to take some curative measures for the polluted river Luni and rehabilitate the area. There are some alternate industries can be developed to benefitted the stakeholders and local people of area like Handicrafts, Carpets, Darries, Dairies, Guar Gum, Wire and cable, Plaster of Paris industries, Ceramic Industries, Salt processing industries, Fertilizer industries, Stone crushing’s, decorative stone and polish industries etc. Raw materials for all such type of industries are available in vicinity of Balotara and these industries can be established easily. There is huge scope of solar plant establishment in the region. So that this part of Marwar region can be take place on path of the development of economical and infrastructural as well.

References

  1. Bajpai V. N. (2004)., Hydrogeological evolution of the Luni river basin, Rajasthan, western India: A review., Proc. Indian Acad. Sci. (Earth Planet. Sci.), 113(3), 427-451.
  2. Mishra P. and Soni R. (2016)., Analysis of dyeing and printing waste water of Balotara textile industries., Int. Jour. of Chemical Sciences, 14(4), 1929-1938.
  3. DMG Report (2008)., Mineral Resources of Barmer District., Department of Mines and Geology, 11(1), 1-20.
  4. Bajpai V.N., Roy T.K.S. and Tandon S.K. (2001)., Subsurface sediment accumulation patterns and their relationships with tectonic lineaments in the semi-arid Luni river basin, Rajasthan, Western India., J. Arid Environments, 48(4), 603-621.
  5. Kale V.S., Singhvi A.K., Mishra P.K. and Banaejee D. (2000)., Sedimentary records and luminescence chronology of Late Holocene palaeofloods in the Luni River, Thar Desert, northwest India., Catena., 40(4), 337-358.
  6. Roy A.B. and Jakhar S.R. (2001)., Late Quaternary drainage disorganization and migration and extinction of the Vedic Saraswati., Current Science, 81(9), 1188-1195.
  7. KAR Amal (1983)., Morphology and evolution of slopes in the Upper Luni Basin, Rajasthan., Annals of Arid Zone, 22(4), 367-375.
  8. Ghose B. (1965)., Genesis of desert plains in the central Luni Basin of western Rajasthan., J. Indian Soc. Soil Sci., 13(2), 123-126.
  9. Kar A. and Ghose B. (1984)., Drishdavati river system in India – an assessment and new findings., Geogr. J., 150, 221-229.
  10. Ghose B., Kar A. and Hussain Z. (1979)., The lost courses of Sarswati river in Great Indian Desert: New evidence from landsat imagery., Geogr. J., 145, 446-451.
  11. Pal Y., Sahai B., Sood R.K. and Agarwal D.P. (1980)., Remote sensing of the lost Saraswati River., Earth Planet. Sci., 89, 317-331.
  12. Chatterji P.C., Singh S. and Qureshi Z.H. (1978)., Hydrogeomorphology of the central Luni basin, Western Rajasthan, (India)., Geoforum., 9(3), 211-224.