6th International Virtual Congress (IVC-2019) And Workshop.  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

A geospatial approach for delineation of groundwater potential zones in a part of national capital region, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1School of Environment and Sustainable Development, Central University of Gujarat, Gandhinagar, Gujarat-382030, India
  • 2School of Environment and Sustainable Development, Central University of Gujarat, Gandhinagar, Gujarat-382030, India

Int. Res. J. Earth Sci., Volume 5, Issue (10), Pages 1-10, November,25 (2017)


Overexploitation of groundwater resources due to the expansion of industrial and agricultural sector pose a great threat to the availability of this precious resource in Sonipat District of Haryana. A total of seven thematic layers viz, landuse/ landcover (LU/LC), geology, geomorphology, drainage density, lineament density, slope (Digital Elevation Model) and water table depth were prepared by using an integrated approach of remote sensing (RS) and geographic information system (GIS) for the exploration of groundwater resources in the district. The thematic layers were integrated by using weighted overlay technique, to create the final groundwater potential zonation map. The ground water potential areas were demarcated into five zones 1-very poor, 2-poor, 3-moderate, 4-good and 5-very good. The very good groundwater potential zones (GWPZs) were found in the Western and Central parts of the district whereas; the moderate and poor categories were found in the Eastern part. The water table depth in the Western part was found to be shallower as compared to the Eastern part of the district. The good and very good groundwater potential zones were pre-eminent in the areas with higher lineament density, lower drainage density with low slope. The GWPZ map was validated by using water table depth and well discharge data of 2013. The groundwater potential zonation map developed in the present study will be useful for researchers, scientists, planners and policy makers to search out the suitable locations for water exploration and to implement the resource exploitation.


  1. Rekha V.B. and Thomas A.P. (2007)., Integrated remote sensing and GIS for groundwater potentially mapping in Koduvan Àr-Sub-Watershed of Meenachil river basin, Kottayam District, Kerala., School of Environmental Sciences, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kerala.
  2. EPA. (2009)., United States Environmental Protection Agency.,
  3. Shen Y., Oki T., Utsumi N., Kanae S. and Hanasaki N. (2008)., Projection of future world water resources under SRES scenarios: water withdrawal/Projection des ressources en eau mondiales futures selon les scénarios du RSSE: prélèvement d, Hydrol. Sci. J., 53(1), 11-33.
  4. NRSA. (2008)., Groundwater prospect mapping using remote sensing and GIS., Rajiv Gandhi National Drinking Water Mission Project Manual. National Remote Sensing Agency, Hyderabad.
  5. Pradhan B. (2009)., Groundwater potential zonation for basaltic watersheds using satellite remote sensing data and GIS techniques., Open. Geosci., 1(1), 120-129.
  6. Ettazarini S. (2007)., Groundwater potentiality index: a strategically conceived tool for water research in fractured aquifers., Environ. Geol., 52(3), 477-487.
  7. Goyal S.K. (2013)., Vulnerability and Sustainability of Groundwater Resource in India., Int. J. Adv. Earth. Sci. and Eng., 2(1), 69-74.
  8. Kumar G.P., Srinivasan D.P. and Selvakumar R.P. (2014)., Geospatial Modeling for Demarcation of Groundwater Poten-tial Zone Using WIO and CIS Techniques in Kallar Water-shed, South India., Int. J. of Innov. Sci. Eng & Technol., 1(10), 83-88.
  9. CGWB. (2010)., Groundwater year book, Central Ground Water Board., Ministry of Water Resources, Govt. of India.
  10. Machiwal D., Jha M.K. and Mal B.C. (2011)., Assessment of groundwater potential in a semi-arid region of India using remote sensing, GIS and MCDM techniques., Water. Resour. Manag., 25(5), 1359-1386.
  11. Singh C.K., Shashtri S., Singh A. and Mukherjee S. (2011)., Quantitative modeling of groundwater in Satluj River basin of Rupnagar district of Punjab using remote sensing and geographic information system., Environ Earth Sci., 62(4), 871-881.
  12. Mallick J., Singh C.K., Al-Wadi H., Ahmad M., Rahman A., Shastri S. and Mukherjee S. (2015)., Geospatial and geostastical approach for groundwater potential zone delineation., Hydrol. process., 29(3), 395-418.
  13. Jasrotia A.S., Bhagat B.D., Kumar A. and Kumar R. (2013)., Remote Sensing and GIS Approach for Delineation of Groundwater Potential and Groundwater Quality Zones of Western Doon Valley, Uttarakhand, India., J. Indian. Soc. Remote. Sens., 41(2), 365-377.
  14. Jha Madan Kumar and Peiffer Stefan (2006)., Applications of Remote Sensing and GIS Technologies in Ground Water Hydrology: Past, Present and Future., Bay CEER: Bayreuth, Germany, 201.
  15. Jaiswal R.K., Mukherjee S., Krishnamurthy J. and Saxena R. (2003)., Role of remote sensing and GIS techniques for generation of ground water prospect zones towards rural development – an approach., Int. J. Remote. Sens., 24(5), 993-1008.
  16. Solomon S. and Quiel F. (2006)., Ground water study using remote sensing and geographic information systems (GIS) in the central highlands of Eritrea., Hydrogeol. J., 14(6), 1029-1041.
  17. Chowdhury A., Jha M.K., Chowdary V.M. and Mal B.C. (2009)., Integrated Remote Sensing and GIS-Based Approach for Assessing Groundwater Potential in West Mednipur District, West Bengal, India., Int. J. Remote. Sens., 30(1), 231-250.
  18. Jha M.K., Chowdary V.M. and Chowdhury A. (2010)., Ground water assessment in Salboni Block, West Bengal (India) using remote sensing, geographical information system and multicriteria decision analysis techniques., Hydrogeol. J., 18(7), 1713-1728.
  19. Mukherjee P., Singh C.K. and Mukherjee S. (2012)., Delineation of groundwater potential zones in arid region of India—a remote sensing and GIS approach., Water. Resour. Manag., 26(9), 2643-2672.
  20. CGWB. (2008)., Ground water information booklet of Sonipat district, Haryana, Central Ground Water Board, Government of India., North western region, Chandigarh.
  21. Sheikh M.A., Azad C., Mukherjee S. and Rina K. (2017)., An assessment of groundwater salinization in Haryana state in India using hydrochemical tools in association with GIS., Environ Earth Sci., 76(13), 465.
  22. Mallick J., Kant Y. and Bharath B.D. (2008)., Estimation of land surface temperature over Delhi using Landsat ETM+., .J. Indian. Geophys. Union., 12(3), 131-140.
  23. Charon J.E. (1974)., Hydrogeological applications of ERTS satellite imagery., In: Proc UN/FAO regional seminar on remote sensing of earth resources and environment, Cairo. Commonwealth Science Council, pp 439-456.
  24. Edet A.E., Okereke C.S., Teme S.C. and Esu E.O. (1998)., Application of remote sensing data to ground water exploration: a case study of the Cross River State, southeastern Nigeria., Hydrogeol. J., 6(3), 394-404.
  25. Avtar R., Singh C.K., Shashtri S., Singh A. and Mukherjee S. (2010)., Identification and analysis of groundwater potential zones in Ken–Betwa river linking area using remote sensing and geographic information system., Geocarto International, 25(5), 379-396.
  26. Cevik E. and Topal T. (2003)., GIS-based landslide susceptibility mapping for a problematic segment of the natural pipeline, Hendek (Turkey)., Environ. Geol., 44(8), 949-962.
  27. Mukherjee S., Sashtri S., Gupta M., Pant M.K., Singh C., Singh S.K., Srivastava P.K. and Sharma K.K. (2007)., Integrated water resource management using remote sensing and geophysical techniques: Aravali quartzite, Delhi, India., J. Environ. Hydrol., 15(10), 1-10.
  28. Greenbaum D. (1985)., Review of remote sensing applications to groundwater exploration in basement and regolith., Nottingham: British Geological Survey, British Geological Survey Report OD 85/8, 36.
  29. CGWB. (2013)., Ground water information booklet of Sonipat district, Haryana, Central Ground Water Board, Government of India., North western region, Chandigarh.