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A geospatial approach for delineation of groundwater potential zones in a part of national capital region, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1School of Environment and Sustainable Development, Central University of Gujarat, Gandhinagar, Gujarat-382030, India
  • 2School of Environment and Sustainable Development, Central University of Gujarat, Gandhinagar, Gujarat-382030, India

Int. Res. J. Earth Sci., Volume 5, Issue (10), Pages 1-10, November,25 (2017)

Abstract

Overexploitation of groundwater resources due to the expansion of industrial and agricultural sector pose a great threat to the availability of this precious resource in Sonipat District of Haryana. A total of seven thematic layers viz, landuse/ landcover (LU/LC), geology, geomorphology, drainage density, lineament density, slope (Digital Elevation Model) and water table depth were prepared by using an integrated approach of remote sensing (RS) and geographic information system (GIS) for the exploration of groundwater resources in the district. The thematic layers were integrated by using weighted overlay technique, to create the final groundwater potential zonation map. The ground water potential areas were demarcated into five zones 1-very poor, 2-poor, 3-moderate, 4-good and 5-very good. The very good groundwater potential zones (GWPZs) were found in the Western and Central parts of the district whereas; the moderate and poor categories were found in the Eastern part. The water table depth in the Western part was found to be shallower as compared to the Eastern part of the district. The good and very good groundwater potential zones were pre-eminent in the areas with higher lineament density, lower drainage density with low slope. The GWPZ map was validated by using water table depth and well discharge data of 2013. The groundwater potential zonation map developed in the present study will be useful for researchers, scientists, planners and policy makers to search out the suitable locations for water exploration and to implement the resource exploitation.

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