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Morphological Analysis of a Historical Urban Landscape: The Case of Midnapore, an Early Urban Centre of Eastern India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Geography and Environment Management Department, Vidyasagar University, Midnapore, West Bengal, India
  • 2Department of Geography, Presidency University, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
  • 3Geography and Environment Management Department, Vidyasagar University, Midnapore, West Bengal, India

Int. Res. J. Earth Sci., Volume 4, Issue (12), Pages 28-37, December,25 (2016)


In Urban geography, the study of the pattern and morphology of building in urban centres concerted with land use categories, has a cherished legacy which started with formulating mode of the plan that underlies the expression of spatial heterogeneity in housing, commercial activities and industrial activities carried out in an urban system. The present treatise is a humble attempt to analyze the morphological components of Midnapore urban centre, Eastern India. It seeks to explain this urban landscape of historical importance as a post-modern space where built heritage and innovation design of space have become the competitive facets of the urban centre in terms of metamorphosis of urban structure under the influence of processes like urban redevelopment, gentrification, sprawling and intra-urban competition in economic and social context etc. In arriving at the above object, intensive survey has been conducted taking homogeneous building block as the basic unit of study. Building blocks separated by arterial roads were identified from the high resolution satellite images downloaded from open source. Information for each of such building blocks was collected and recorded using pre-designed field manual and questionnaires. Thus a model of urban morphology has been formulated.


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