6th International Virtual Congress (IVC-2019) And Workshop.  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Identification of Lineaments in the Pravara Basin from ASTER-DEM Data and Satellite Images for their Geotectonic Implication

Author Affiliations

  • 1Dept. of Geography, Shivaji University, Kolhapur, Maharashtra, INDIA
  • 2 Indian Institute of Geomagnetism, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Earth Sci., Volume 2, Issue (7), Pages 1-5, August,25 (2014)

Abstract

Lineaments are long, linear to slightly curvilinear, geological features with regional to local extent. These are considered to be zones of structural weakness and are important from geological, geomorphological and hydrological perspective. The minerals and water bodies are seen to play along lineaments. Hence, their identification and mapping assumes social and economic significance. Earlier, lineament identification was ambiguous and not too accurate, due to overemphasis on visual interpretation of toposheets and contour maps. These are however filled with cultural bias in terms of man-made drainage lines and anthropogenic land use practices. This lacuna is being overcome by using remote sensing images and interpreting shaded relief, slope, and aspect images, created with Geographical Information System (GIS) software and ASTER-DEM data. The results demonstrate that the lineament detection from Remote Sensing (RS) data and GIS techniques achieves better accuracy compared to traditional sources of lineament identification methods. It has provided better geotectonic understanding of Deccan trap terrain. The imprints of western Ghat orogeny are seen in upper stream section of Pravara basin. Line of crustal dislocation is also identified. The study will help in understanding the geomorphological features and geotectonic implications for Pravara basin.

References

  1. Richards J.P., Lineaments revisited, Soc Econ Geol, 42, 13–20 (2000)
  2. O’Leary D.W., Friedman J.D. and Pohn H.A., Lineament, linear, lineation: some proposed new standards for old terms, Bull GeolSoc Am, 87, 1463–1469 (1976)
  3. Agarwal P.K., Pande O.P. and Chetty T.R.K., Aeromagnetic anomalies, lineaments, and seismicity in Koyna-Warna region, J.Ind.Geophys.Union, 8(4), 229-242 (2004)
  4. Srinagesh D., Srinivas T.V.N., Solomon Raju P., Suresh G., Murthy Y.V.V.B.S.N., SatishSaha, Sarma, A. N., Vijay Kumar T., Causative Fault of Swarm Activity in Nanded City, Maharashtra, Current Science, 103 (4), (2012)
  5. Manjare B.S., Mapping of Lineaments in Some Part of Betul District, Madhya Pradesh and Amravati District of Maharashtra, Central India Using Remote Sensing and GIS Techniques, International Journal of Advanced Remote Sensing and GIS, 2(1), 333-340 (2013)
  6. Herlekar M.A. and Sukhtankar R.K., Morphotectonic Studies along the Part of Maharashtra Coast, India, International Journal of Earth Sciences and Engineering, 4(2), 61-83 (2011)
  7. Peshwa V.V. and Kale V.S., Neotectonics of the deccan traps province: Focus on the Kurduwadi lineament, Journal of Geophysics,5(1), 77-86, (1997)
  8. Gawali Praveen B. Waghmare S.Y., Carlo L. and Patil A.G., Geomagnetic secular variation anomalies investigated through tectonomagnetic monitoring in the seismoactive zone of the Narmada-Son lineament, Central India, J.Ind.Geophys.Union, 15(2), 61-76 (2011)
  9. Pal S.K., Majumdar T.J. and Bhattacharya A.K., Extraction of linear and anomalous features using ERS SAR data over Singhbhum Shear Zone, Jharkhand using fast Fourier transform, International Journal of Remote Sensing 4513–4528 (2006)
  10. Bhave, K.N., Ganju, J.L., and Jokhan, Ram, and Geological Significance of Lineaments. M.N., and Hinze, W.J (Ed.), Regional Geophysical Lineaments their Tectonic and Economic Sgnifivcance, Mem. Geol. Soc. India, 12, 35-42, (1989)
  11. Pawar R.D., Kale V.S., Sengupta S., Identification and mapping of geoclinal lineaments in the Kaveri basin from SRTM-DEM data, Proceedings of national conference on recent trends in Geoinformatics, (2008)
  12. Aher S.P., Bairagi S.I., Deshmukh P.P., Gaik River Change Detection and Bank Erosion Identification using Topographical and Remote Sensing Data, International Journal of Applied Information Systems, New York, USA, 2(3), 1-7, (2012)
  13. Bondre N.R., Hart W.K. and Sheth Geochemistry of the Sangamner Mafic Dike Swarm, Western Deccan Volcanic Province, India: Implications for Regional Stratigraphy, The Journal of Geology, 14. http://asterweb.jpl.nasa.gov/index.asp accessed on 30/05/2014. (2014)
  14. Pokharel S.B., Remote Sensing and GIS Analysis of Spatial Distribution of Fracture Patterns in the MakranAccretionary Prism, South-east Iran, UnpublishedM.Sc dissertation submitted to College of Arts and Sciences, Georgia State University, (2007).
  15. Lillesand T.M., Remote sensing and image Interpretation, Published by John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pvt, ltd, Singapur, (2009)