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Efficient and Secure Routing Protocols in VANET: A Simulation Result

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Bhilai Institute of Technology, Durg, Chhattisgarh, India
  • 2Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India

Res. J. Computer & IT Sci., Volume 4, Issue (9), Pages 9-13, September,20 (2016)

Abstract

Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks (VANETs), introduced as a trivial subset of Mobile Ad Hoc Networks (MANETs), creates unpremeditated network of vehicles to exchange information between them, providing a prominent approach for communication in transportation media to form an Intelligent Transport System (ITS). Besides being launched as a subset of MANET, both share differences in several important properties such as special mobility pattern, unlimited battery life and hastily changeable topology in VANET. The design of routing protocols in the network is one of the prime issues in supporting smart ITS. The routing protocols of MANET are not equally effective in VANET as later are more sensitive to the safety problems. The intrusion on the support of transmission is easier conducting denial of service attack by jamming the frequency bands used. Attacks against the routing protocol for the network can be designed to change the protocol itself. The need of a reliable and robust network can be fulfilled only if it is having advanced security and privacy features, which ultimately depends upon the routing protocols used. Secure routing is imperative during the routing process to incorporate mutual trust between these nodes. Establishing trust is a challenge while one or more malicious nodes attempt to disrupt route discovery or data transmission in the network. This report represents the simulation results performed using Network Simulator-3 (NS-3) on various routing protocols. The already published results on protocols are also taken into consideration. Finally, we have shown the effect of response time of network using specific protocols after increasing the number of nodes i.e. scalability.

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