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The Cladoceran as live Feed in Fish Culture: A Brief Review

Author Affiliations

  • 1Fishery and Aquatic Ecology Laboratory, Department of Zoology, Rajiv Gandhi University, Itanagar, India
  • 2Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Papumpare, Arunachal Pradesh, India
  • 3Fishery and Aquatic Ecology Laboratory, Department of Zoology, Rajiv Gandhi University, Itanagar, India

Res. J. Animal, Veterinary and Fishery Sci., Volume 4, Issue (3), Pages 7-12, March,24 (2016)

Abstract

Over the years aquaculture farms have gained a rapid interest due to increasing demand of fish as cheap protein source in human nutrition. However, intensive farm management with fish feed supplement and high input cost stands as key barrier against fish productivity optimization. So, development of low-cost feed input for enhancement of farmed fish production becomes an important researchable issue in intensive aquaculture. In that context, mass propagation and supplementing live fish feed have received worldwide attention and have been playing a vital role as larval diet of fin and shell fishes in general. The Cladoceran like Moina spp, Daphnia spp. etc. have already been explored as living capsule of nutrition for many cultivable fishes. Being in second trophic level in aquatic ecosystem, this group of animal transfer energy both primary producers and detrital masses to the fin and shell fish supporting their growth and development. On this backdrop, an endeavor has been made in this article to appraise the past and present research on cladocera highlighting its future scope in sustainable aqua-resource utilization through fish feed economy in commercial aquaculture.

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