6th International Virtual Congress (IVC-2019) And Workshop.  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Effect of genotypes of beta lacto globulin on milk yield and milk composition during four lactation periods in Red Sindhi cows

Author Affiliations

  • 11Dept of Animal Biotechnology, Madras Veterinary College, Chennai-7, INDIA
  • 2Postgraduate Institute of Animal Sciences, Kattupakkam, Kancheepuram-603203, INDIA
  • 31Dept of Animal Biotechnology, Madras Veterinary College, Chennai-7, INDIA

Res. J. Animal, Veterinary and Fishery Sci., Volume 1, Issue (11), Pages 1-4, December,24 (2013)

Abstract

The present study was undertaken to study the effect of Beta lactoglobulin (-LG) genotypes on milk yield and milk composition during four lactation periods. Individual mid lactation milk samples of 75 ml of each were collected from 95 Red Sindhi cows in first, second, third and fourth lactation period maintained at Livestock research station, Hosur. Effect of genotypes of -LG AA, AB and BB on milk fat% , protein%,Casein%,Total solids% and 305 days milk yield were analysed by completely random design by least square analysis. -LG genotypes (AA, AB and BB) were found to be having highly significant (P0.01) effect on Fat% during first and second lactation and significant effect (P0.05) during third and fourth lactation respectively. -LG genotypes were found to be having significant effect on protein% during first, second, third and fourth lactation periods. Genotypes of -LG were found to be having significant effect on casein% during first lactation and highly significant effect during second, third and fourth lactation periods. -LG genotypes were found to be having significant effect on total solids % during first lactation period only and no significant effect during second, third and fourth lactation periods. -LG genotypes were found to be having highly significant effect on milk yield during first and third lactation period and significant effect during second and fourth lactation periods.

References

  1. Chung E.R., Han S.K. and Rhim T.J., Milk Proteinpolymorphisms as genetic marker in Korean native cattle, Asian Australian J. Anim. Sci., 8, 187-194 (1995)
  2. Madureira A.R., Pereira C.I., Gomes A.M.P., Pintado M.E.and Malcata F.X., Bovine whey proteins—Overview onthe main biological properties, Food ResearchInternational, 40, 1197–1211 (2007)
  3. Zainab Naqvi, Ejaz Ahmad, Rizwan Hasan Khan andMohammed Saleemuddin, Non-native States of BovineBeta-Lactoglobulin Induced by Acetonitrile: pHDependentUnfolding of the Two Genetic Genotypes Aand B, Cell Biochem Biophys., DOI 10.1007/s12013-012-9466-7 (2012)
  4. Ng-kwai-Hang K.F., Monardes H.F. and Haynes J.F., Association between genetic polymorphism of milkproteins and production traits during three lactations, J.Dairy Sci., 73, 3414-3420 (1990)
  5. Eigel W.N., Butler J.E., Ernstorm C.A., Farell J.R.,Harwalker V.R., Jenness R. and Whitney R., Nomenclature of proteins of cow’s milk: Fifth revision, J.Dairy Sci., 67, 1599-1631 (1984)
  6. Ng-Kwai-hang K.F., Hayes J.F., Moxley J.E. andMonardes H.G., Relationship between milk proteinpolymorphism and major milk constituents in HolsteinFriesian cows, J. Dairy Sci., 69, 28-26 (1986)
  7. Meignanalakshmi S., Mahalinga Nainar A. andNachimuthu K., Effect of genetic genotypes of betalactoglobulinon milk production traits in Red Sindhi cows,Indian Journal of Animal Science, 76, 934-936 (2006)
  8. Meignanalakshmi A., Mahalinga Nainar A., Thigarajan V.and Nachimuthu K., Genetic genotypes of betalactoglobulinin milk of Red Sindhi cows, Indian Journalof Animal Science, 72, 928-929 (2002)
  9. Meignanalakshmi A., Mahalinga Nainar A. andNatchimuthu K., Identification of genetic polymorphism atβ-LG gene locus by PCR-RFLP analysis, InternationalJournal of Animal Science, 16, 223-226 (2001)
  10. IS: 1479 (Part II) Indian standard methods of test for DairyIndustry. Indian Standards Institution, New Delhi, 2 (1961)
  11. Snedecor G.W. and Cochran W.G., Statistical methods.Oxford and IBM Publishing Co., Calcutta, 3 (1967)
  12. Hoogendoorn M.P., Moxley J.E., Hawes R.E. and MacRaeR.F., Separation and gene frequencies of blood serumtransferring, casein and beta-lactoglobulin loci of dairycattle and their effects on certain production traits, Can. J.Anim. Sci., 49, 331-341 (1969)
  13. Bovenhuis H., Johan A.M., Arendonk V. and Korver S., Associations between milk protein polymorphisms andmilk production traits, J. Dairy Sci., 75, 2549-2559 (1992)
  14. Hill J.P., Paterson G.R., Lowe R. and Wakelin M., Theeffect of season and beta-lactoglobulin phenotypes of milkcomposition, Proc. NZ Society of Anim. Prod., 55, 94-96(1995)
  15. Ng-Kwai-Hang K.F., Hayes I.F., Moxley J.E. andMonardes H.G., Association of genetic genotypes ofcasein and milk serum proteins with milk, fat, and proteinproduction by dairy cattle, J. Dairy Sci., 67, 835 (1984)
  16. Hamza1 E.,Yang Z.P., Wang X.L., Chen R.J., Wu H.T.and Ibrahim A.I., The Impact of Kappa Casein GenePolymorphism on Milk Components and Other ProductivePerformance Traits of Chinese Holstein Cattle, PakistanVeterinary Journal, 2074-7764 (2011)
  17. Tyrisevä A.M., Options for selecting dairy cattle for milkcoagulation ability, Academic dissertation, Department ofAnimal Science, University of Helsinki, Finland, 24(2008)
  18. Rook J.A.F. and Campling R.C., Effect of stage andnumber of lactation on the yield and composition of cow, Journal of Dairy Research, 32, 45-55 (1965)
  19. Aravb C.W., Lamb R.C. and Hine H.C., Blood and milkprotein polymorphisms in relation to feed efficiency andproduction traits of dairy cattle, Journal of Dairy Science,54, 106-112 (1971)
  20. Hargrove G.L., Kiddy C.A., Young C.W., Hunter A.C,Trimberger G.W. and Mather R.E., Geneticpolymorphisms of blood and milk and reproduction inHolstein cattle, Journal of Dairy Science, 63, 1154-1166(1980)
  21. Jairam B.T. and Nair P.G. Genetic genotypes of milkprotein in different breeds of cattle Ind. J. Dairy Sci., 36,5-10 (1983)