Survey of terrestrial vertebrate fauna (mammals, reptiles and birds) and degradation indicators of forest reserve in North-central, Nigeria
- 1Department of Wildlife and Range Management, Federal University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria
Res. J. Agriculture & Forestry Sci., Volume 9, Issue (3), Pages 12-18, July,8 (2021)
Habitat losses occasioned by vegetation degradation in forest structure had negatively impacted on fauna existence and survival. Field survey, questionnaire’s, in-depth interview with hunters and village heads was adopted to determine fauna species list and forest degradation processes and indicators. Descriptive statistics was used for the analysis. Overall, 33 vertebrates species belonging to 27 families were recorded. Among the vertebrates species recorded based on abundance index; Crocuta crocuta, Syncerus caffer, Ourebia ourebi, Naja nigricollis were very rare in the study area. Only Tragelaphus scriptus was uncommon, while many of the species were common especially the class aves. Major forest degradation processes were; land clearing for farming (40.0%), logging/fire wood collections (25.0%) and sand excavation with (20.0%). More so, major degradation indicators identified were; reduced vegetation cover/composition (45.0%), loss of wild animals (20.0%) and soil erosion/land fragmentation with (18.0%). Loss in vegetation cover resulted to increase bare soil, which led to gullies formation and consequently decline in soil fertility. The most dominants woody stumps based on high utilization indicated were; Tectona grandis (18.8%), Khaya senegalensis (17.0%), Daniella oliveri (15.1%), Gmelina arborea and Vatex doniana with (13.3%) each, respectively. Knowledge on faunal existence and forest structure condition is paramount. It is recommended that afforestation and restoration programme be carried out and integration of scientific and local knowledge participation.
- Chukwu O., Chenge I.B., Japheth H.D. and Yager G.O. (2019)., Sustainable development goals through appropriate forest management stragies., Proceeding of the 41st annual conference of the Forestry Association of Nigeria held in Abuja, FCT on the 7th – 11th October. Edited by V.A.J. Adekunle, O.Y. Ogunsanwo, N.A. Adewole and P.I. Oni. 1039-1049.
- Nijland W., Nielsen S.E., Coops N.C., Wulder M.A. and Stenhouse G.B. (2014)., Assessments of landscape level degradation in southern Ethiopia: Pastoralists versus ecologists., Land Degradation and Development, 12; 461–475.
- Pan Y., Birdsey R.A., Fang, J. Houghton, R. Kauppi, P.E. Kurz, W.A. Philips, O.L. Shvidenko, A. Lewis, S.L. Canadell, J. G. Ciais P. Jackson, R.B. Pacala, S. W. McGuire, A.D. Piao, S. Rautiainen, A. Sitch, S. and Hayes, D. (2011)., A large and president carbon sinks in the world’s forests., Science, 333, 988-993.
- Alkemade R., Reid R.S., Van den Berg M., de Leeuw J. and Jeuken, M. (2013)., Assessing the impacts of livestock production on biodiversity in rangeland ecosystems., Proceeding of National Academy of Science, 110(52), 20900-20905.
- Bolger D.T., Newmark W.D. Morrison T.A. and Doak, D.F. (2008)., The need for Integrative approaches to understand and conserve migratory ungulates., Ecology Letters, 11, 63-77.
- Langhammer P.F., Bakarr M.I., Bennun L.A., Brooks T.M., Clay R.P., Darwall W., De Silva N., Edgar Liu W., Wang X., Zhou L., and Zhou H. (2003)., Studies on destruction, prevention and control of Plateau Pikas in Kobresia pygmaea meadow., Acta Theriologica Sinica, 23(3), 214-219.
- Yager G.O., Alarape A.A. and Onuwa O.A. (2018)., Preliminary Assessment of Fauna Species Diversity in Ipinu Igede Community Range Forest in Oju Local Government of Benue State, Nigeria., Asian Journal of Biology, 5(4), 1-11.
- Mbaya Y.P, Malgwi H. (2010)., Species list and status of mammals and birds in Sambisa game reserve, Borno State, Nigeria., Journal of Research in Forestry, Wildlife and Environment, 2(1), 135-140.
- Collen B., Ram M., Zamin T. and McRae L. (2008)., The tropical biodiversity data gap: addressing disparity in global monitoring., Tropical Conservation, 93, 303-325.
- Agudelo C., Rivera B., Tabasco J. and Estrada R. (2003)., Designing policies to reduce rural poverty and environmental degradation in the hillside zone of the Colombian Andes., World development, 31(11), 19-24.
- Nasreen M., Hossain K.M., and Kundu D.K. (2006)., The Interrelationship between Poverty, Environment and Sustainable Development in Bangladesh: An Overview., Bangladesh e Journal of Sociology, 3(2), 50-70.
- Masoudi M., Jokar P. and Pradhan B. (2018)., A new approach to land degradation and desertification assessment using geospatial techniques., Natural Hazards and Earth System Science, 18(14), 1133.
- Ahmad S., Islam M. and Mirza S.N. (2012)., Rangeland degradation and management approaches in Balochistan, Pakistan., Pakistan Journal of Botany, 44, 127-136.
- Food and Agriculture Organisation (2003)., Data sets, indicators and methods to assess land degradation in dryland., World soil resources reports, 109.
- Kosmas C., Kairis O. and Karavitis C. (2014)., Evaluation and selection of indicators for land degradation and desertification monitoring: Methodological approach., Environmental Management, 54(5), 951-970.
- Alarape A.A., Yager G.O. and Akuse V.H. (2018)., Analysis of Vegetation Cover Dynamics and its Implication on Herbivores Species of Pandam Wildlife Park in North-Central Nigeria Using Remote Sensing and GIS., African Journal of Environment and Natural Science Research, 1(1), 53-66.
- Jimoh S.O., Debisi L.A.A. and Ikyaagba E.T. (2009)., Biodiversity and Ethnobotanical potentials of plant species of university of agriculture Makurdi Wildlife Park and Ikwe games reserve, Benue State, Nigeria., International Journal Biochemistry Sci., 3(6), 1375-1385.
- Behmanesha B., Abedi Sarvestanib A., Sharafatmandradc M., Shahrakid M.R. and Hajili Davajie A. (2016)., Assessment of Rangeland Degradation Indicators using Exploiters’ View between Authorized and Unauthorized Exploiters., Case Study: Saryqmish Winter Rangelands, Golestan Province, Iran, Desert, 21(2), 105-113.
- Osunsina I.O.O., Inah E.I., Ogunjinmi A.A., Onadeko S.A. and Osunsina O. (2012)., Distribution and diversity of flora and fauna in International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) forest and nature reserve, Ibadan. Oyo State, Nigeria., Journal of Agriculture, Forestry and the Social Sciences, 10(2), 289-302.
- USGS Science for a Changing world (2021)., Earth explorer., earthexplorer.usgs.gov
- Food and Agriculture Organisation (2000)., A synthesis report of the Afran Region: Women, agriculture and rural development., Pp 26.
- Remain. S.A. (2008)., Women’s involvement in agriculture in Northern and Southern Kaduna State., Journal of Gender Studies, 17, 17-26.
- Gideon P.K. and Yager G.O. (2016)., Role of women farmers in agricultural development in Jalingo Local Government Area, of Taraba State, Nigeria., Nigerian Journal of Agriculture, Food and Environment, 12(1), 75-79.
- Uloko J. I. and Yager, G. O. (2017)., Indigenous land tenure system as a hindrance to the evelopment of Pandam Wildlife Park, Plateau State, Nigeria., Asian Journal of Environment and Ecology, (5), 1-9.
- Omuto C.T., Balint Z. and Alim M.S. (2014)., A framework for National assessment of land degradation in the dryland: A case study of Somalia., Land Degradation and Development, 25(2), 105-119.
- Yager G.O., Abete M. and Chenge I.B. (2019)., Evaluation of range flora and fauna composition of a community forest in North-Central Nigeria., Sustainability, Agri, Food and Environmental Research, 7(1), 21-36.
- Ekeoba M.I. and Okuomose S.I. (2020)., Okomu Plateau forest and associated wetland in Southern Nigeria: status, threat and significance., International Journal of Hydrology, 4(1), 1-10.
- Belachew G., Jonathan R., Deo D.S. and Eliakimu Z. (2020)., Deforestation and connectivity among Protected Areas of Tanzania.,