Proximate and mineral composition of Corchorus olitorius in response to combined tree legume based organic and mineral fertilizer treatments
- 1Federal University of Technology Akure, Forestry and Wood Technology, Ondo State, Nigeria
- 2Federal University of Technology Akure, Forestry and Wood Technology, Ondo State, Nigeria
- 3Federal University of Technology Akure, Forestry and Wood Technology, Ondo State, Nigeria
- 4Federal University of Technology Akure, Forestry and Wood Technology, Ondo State, Nigeria
Res. J. Agriculture & Forestry Sci., Volume 9, Issue (3), Pages 1-4, July,8 (2021)
This study was conducted to investigate the quality analysis of Corchorus olitorius in response to combined tree legume-based organic and mineral fertilizer treatments. The high cost, shortage, and low efficiency of mineral fertilizer makes it unbeneficial for farmers, poor soil fertility and nutrient depletion plus continuous addition of mineral fertilizers has led to soil acidification, nutrient in-balances, and soil degradation and this forms the rationale of this study. Four treatments which include; A (application of NPK only at 200kg/ha or 20g/m2), B (application of Leucaena leucocephala leaf meal at 400kg/ha or 40g/m2), C (application of combined Leucaena leucocephala leaf meal + wood ash + poultry waste at 20g + 10g+10g=40g/m2), D (Control; no fertilizer application) each with three replicates following the principle of randomization in applying the treatments were used. It was clearly revealed that the significant result was observed in plants treated with the combination of the various fertilizer types, also application of both organic and inorganic fertilizers has a positive response on the content of Corchorus olitorius plant. Since the Corchorus olitorius treated with various organic and inorganic fertilizer treatment shows a positive response on the mineral and proximate content, therefore the use of these combined fertilizer treatments should be encouraged by farmers to improve crop yield and productivity.
- Bolus L. (2002)., Flora of Egypt., Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo, Egypt. 5: 296-299.
- Loumerem, M. and Alercia, A. (2016)., Descriptors for jute (Corchorus olitorius L.)., Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, 63(7), 1103–1111.
- Akoroda, M. O., & Akintobi, D. A. (1981)., Seed production in Corchorus olitorius., In VI African Symposium on Horticultural Crops 123. pp. 231-236.
- Asoegwu S. N. & Ibitoye S. N. (1983)., Effect of water stress on the growth, leaf yield and fruit set in Jews mallow C. Olitorious. NHRI., Annual Horticultural Society of Nigeria (HORTSON) held at University of Nigeria, Nsukka.
- Tindall, H.D. (1983)., Vegetables in the tropics., Macmillan International Higher Education, Hongkong. 326 and 393.
- Steyn, N.P., Olivier, J., Winter, P., Burger, S. and Nesamvuni, C. (2001)., A survey of wild, green, leafy vegetables and their potential in combating micronutrient deficiencies in rural populations., South African Journal of Science, 97, 276–278
- Dansi A, Adjatin A, Adoukonou-Sagbadja H, Faladé V, Yedomonhan H, Odou D and Dossou B (2008)., Traditional leafy vegetables and their use in the Benin republic., Genet Resource Crop Evol, 55, 1239-1256.
- DeVries, J and Tocnniessen, G (2001)., Securing the Harvest: Biotechnology, Breeding and Seed System for African crops., CABI, AB International Walling ford, U.K 208.
- Fasinmirin, M. B. J. (2009)., Growth of Maize ( Zea mays . L ) In Response to Varying Organic and Inorganic Fertilizer Treatment Physical and Chemical Properties of Soil., Applied Tropical Agriculture, 74–77.
- Obatolu RC (1995)., Nutrient balance sheet after coffee and maize cropping on an Afisols supplied with organic fertilizer in Ibadan, Nigeria., African. Soils., 28, 219-224.
- Adeniyan, O. N. and Ojeniyi, S. O. (2005)., Effect of poultry manure and NPK 20:10:10 and combination of their reduced levels on maize growth and soil chemical properties., Nigeria Journal of Soil Science, 15, 34-41.
- Vanlauwe B. (2000)., Soil organic matter and crop production in a West African context. Agronomy in Nigeria., Agronomy Department. University of Ibadan, Nigeria (Publisher).
- Gruhn, Peter, Francesco Goleti and Mantague Yudelman. (2000)., Integrated Nutrient Management, Soil Fertility, and Sustainable Agriculture: Current Issues and Future Challenges., International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, D.C. U.S.A.
- Fagbemi T. N. (2007)., Effects of processing on the nutritional composition of fluted pumpkin (Telfeira occidentales) seed flour., Nigeria Food Journal, 25(1), 22.
- Onwordi, C. T., Ogungbade, A. M., & Wusu, A. D. (2009)., The proximate and mineral composition of three leafy vegetables commonly consumed in Lagos, Nigeria., African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry, 3(6), 102-107.
- Ishida H, Suzuno H, Sugiyama N, Innami S, Todokoro T and Maekawa A (2000)., Nutritional evaluation of chemical components of leaves, stalks and stems of sweet potatoes (Ipomea batatas Poir)., Food Chem., 68, 359-367.
- Rao C.V., H.L. Newmark and B.S. Reddy (1998)., Chemo-preventive effect of Squalene on colon cancer., Carcinogenesis, 19, 287-290.
- Oyedeji, S., Animasaun, D. A., Bello, A. A., & Agboola, O. O. (2014)., Effect of NPK and poultry manure on growth, yield, and proximate composition of three Amaranths., Journal of Botany.
- Ayeni, L. S. (2008)., Integration of cocoa pod ash, poultry manure and NPK 20: 10: 10 fertilizer for soil fertility management Incubation study., Cont J Agron Niger, 2, 25-30.
- Akanni, I.D., Ojeniyi, S.O. and Awodun, M.A. (2011)., Soil properties, growth, yield and nutrient content of maize, pepper and amaranthus as influenced by organic and organomineral fertilizer., Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology, 11, 1074 – 1078.
- Ogunlade M. O., Adeyemi E. A., Ogunleti D. O., and Ibiyomi P. S. (2011)., Effect of cocoa pod husk, urea fortified cocoa pod husk and NPK fertilizers on the growth and yield of Solanum macrocarpon cultivation., International Journal of Organic Agriculture Research and Development, 3, 1–8.
- Arisha, H.M.E., Gad, A.A. and Younes, S.E. (2003)., Response of Some Pepper Cultivars to Organic and Mineral Nitrogen Fertilizer under Sandy Soil Conditions., Zagazig Journal of Agricultural Research, 30, 1875-1899.
- Achinewhu, S.C. (1982)., Composition and food potential of African oil bean (Pentaclethra macrophylla) and velvet bean (Mucuna urines)., Journal of Food Science, 47, 1736-1739.