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Mountain forests: challenges and the management - A review

Author Affiliations

  • 1Dept. of Forest Environmental Resources, Institute of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju52825, South Korea
  • 2Dept. of Forest Environmental Resources, Institute of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju52825, South Korea and Department of Natural Resources Management, WolaitaSodo University, WolaitaSodo 138, Ethiopia

Res. J. Agriculture & Forestry Sci., Volume 7, Issue (3), Pages 44-50, July,8 (2019)


Mountain forests are important for their production and protection values. They serve as a homes of important timber, wood and non-wood products in several countries and most importantly they serve in storing water and preventing erosion. They are also hotspots of biodiversity including common indigenous species that are used for different purposes in the society which are categorized as timber and non-timber forest products (NTFPs). Many of mountain forests are playing the role of carbon sinks to mitigate climate change. However, most of the world\'s mountain communities are strongly influenced by surrounding lowland and urban areas with regard to timber extraction, expansion of agricultural land to the fertile soils of the forest ecosystem with the addition of forest fire incidences. In a changing climate, human induced disturbances and lack of awareness are the major threats for the mountain ecosystems. Maintenance and new approaches for the management of the mountain ecosystems with the special attention and proper actions to save and maintain the productive, protective, socio cultural roles of mountain forests may be essential for maximum stability and integrity for the sustainability of the mountain forest ecosystems.


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