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Phytochemical studies on Indian market samples of drug “Kutki” (Picrorhiza kurroa Royle ex Benth)

Author Affiliations

  • 1Dr. Y.S. Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, College of Forestry, Dept. of Forest Products, Nauni, Solan-173230, HP, India
  • 2Dr. Y.S. Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, College of Forestry, Dept. of Forest Products, Nauni, Solan-173230, HP, India
  • 3Dr. Y.S. Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, College of Forestry, Dept. of Forest Products, Nauni, Solan-173230, HP, India

Res. J. Agriculture & Forestry Sci., Volume 6, Issue (2), Pages 1-5, February,8 (2018)


The present investigation entitled “Phytochemical studies on Indian market samples of drug Kutki (Picrorhiza kurroa Royle ex Benth.)” was carried out in the department of forest products under the University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni, Solan (India) during 2012-2014 with an aim of evaluating the adulteration of the raw material of drug “Kutki” in the Indian markets and assessing their actual status of major chemical constituents (prcroside-I and picroside-II) to provide information about the level of authenticity of plant materials for the preparation of different drug formulations. The market samples of drug “Kutki” were procured from 35 different retail shops from different market places of India. The samples were evaluated for chemical profile through HPLC analysis. Out of 35 samples, 34 samples were genuine having all the characteristics resembling to drug “Kutki” although sufficient degree of variation was observed and one sample was spurious. There is adulteration as well as lots of variation in the phytochemical constituents of Kutki all over the India. Therefore, this study suggest pharmaceutical industries to purchase the quality of raw material by taking into consideration the presence of phytochemical constituents for the production of desired pharmacological efficacy.


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