Effect of inorganic fertilizers and growth performance in Poplar tree - Populus deltoides, Tamilnadu, India
- 1Department of Forest Bamboo Estate Division, Gobichettipalayam, Erode, Tamilnadu, India
- 2Department of Forestry, Karupa foundation, Mettupalayam, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu, India
Res. J. Agriculture & Forestry Sci., Volume 5, Issue (9), Pages 13-17, September,8 (2017)
Nutrient management is one of the prime factors which play a pivotal role on the growth, development and successful completion of life cycle in all green plants. It is very essential to establish alternate and fast growing tree species to meet the raw material demand of various wood based industries. Poplar occupies an important place amongst fast growing species due to their multiple uses as an industrial raw material in pulp and paper. In this study, three levels of nitrogen (50, 75 and 100 g N plant-1), three levels of phosphorus (75, 100 and 125 g P plant-1) and three levels of potassium (50, 75 and 100 g K plant-1) were applied to standardize the fertilizers schedule for the Populus deltoides tree species. Randomized block design with three replications and twenty eight (including control T28) different treatment levels of NPK were used as experimental design. Growth components viz., plant height, collar diameter, volume index, leaf area, leaf area index and total biomass were observed and recorded. The performances of growth were influenced by N, P and K at different levels. From the study, it is revealed that among N, P and K levels, the application of 75:125:75 g NPK plant-1 (T17) influenced significantly the growth performance of poplar followed by 100: 125:75 g NPK plant-1 (T26). The total biomass was also altered by different levels of N, P and K and it was significantly influenced due to application of 75:125:75 g NPK plant-1(T17). These treatments are standardized and applied for Poplar species to enhance the growth for alternative pulp and paper species.
- Saikia C.N., Goswami T. and Ali F. (1997)., Evaluation of pulp and paper making Characteristics of certain fast growing plants., Wood Sci. Technol., 31(6), 467-475.
- Indian Paper Industry (2016)., Indian Paper Industry: Out of the woods., Care Ratings, Professional Risk Opinion, 1-9.
- Read R.A. (1958)., Silvicultural characteristics of plains cottonwood., USDA Forest Service, Station Paper 33. Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, Fort Collins, CO. 18.
- Silberhorn G. (1996)., Eastern Cottonwood - Populus deltoides Marsh., Technical Report Wetland Flora, 96(1), 21-24.
- Panse V.G. and Sukhatme P.V. (1985)., Statistical Methods for Agricultural Workers., Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi, India, 381.
- Chapman G.W. and Allan T.D. (1978)., Establishment techniques of forest plantation., Forest Resources Division, FAO paper, (9), Rome.
- Mutanal S.M., Prabhakar A.S. and Nadagoudar B.S. (2002)., Integrated nutrient management in teak through fertigation., Indian Forester, 128(3), 341-347.
- Singh B. (2001)., Influence of fertilization and spacing on growth and nutrient uptake in Poplar (Populus deltoides) nursery., Indian Forester, 127(1), 111-114.
- Singh B.P., Ghosal S., Kumar P., Srivastava S.C. and Choudhary S.G. (2001)., Effect of fertilizer levels on plant growth and biomass production Acacia auriculiformis., Indian J. Forestry, 24(1), 38-42.
- Bammanahali S.N., Dasar G.V. and Manjunatha G.O. (2011)., Effect of moisture conservation measures and nutrient management on growth of Eucalyptus pellita in Dharma watershed., My forest, 47(4), 333-341.
- Sumbali S., Koppad A.G. and Maruti Gurav (2012)., Effect of soil moisture conservation structure and application of manures and fertilizers on growth of Acacia auriculiformis., Int. J. Envir. Sci., 1(3), 178-185.
- Siregar S.T.H., Nurwahyudi and Mulawarman (2005)., Growth and site productivity of a three - year- old Acacia mangium plantation from different harvesting residue management in Riau Indonesia., Paper presented at the Sixth Workshop on Site Management and Productivity in Tropical Plantation Forests, 22-26.
- Hulikatti M.B. and Madiwalar S.L. (2011)., Management strategies to enhance growth and productivity of Acacia auriculiformis., Karnataka J. Agric. Sci., 24(2), 204-206.
- Navale M.R. and Channabasappa K.S. (2013)., Effect of integrated nutrient management on seedling growth of Hydnocarpus pentandra (Buch-Ham)., Karnataka J. Agric. Sci., 26(1), 167-169.
- Velazquez-Martinez Alejandro, Perry David A. and Bell Tom E. (1992)., Response of aboveground biomass increment, growth efficiency, and foliar nutrients to thinning, fertilization, and pruning in young Douglas-fir plantations in the central Oregon Cascades., Can. J. For. Res., 22(9), 1278-1289.
- Paroha S., Chandra K.K. and Yadav R. (2009)., Integrated effect of biofertilizers (AM, Azotobacter and PSB) fertilizers on growth and nutrient acquisition by Tectona grandis., J.Trop. For, 25(1), 54-60.
- Paroha S., Subrahmanyam D. and Shukla P.K. (2007)., Induced growth and nutrient uptake in Dalbergia sissoo by Arbuscular Mycorrhizae and chemical fertilizers., Ind. J. Agro, 9(1), 60-65.
- Mahantappa S.S. and Shivanna H. (2010)., Effect of integrated nutrient management on growth and development of the Pterocarpus santalinus (Linn.F) seedlings., Karnataka J. Agric. Sci., 23(5), 726-728.