Pulses production in India and Nigeria: Panacea to Food Security
- 1Dept. of Agri. Economics, University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad, India
- 2Dept. of Agric. Economics, University of Agricultural Sciences, Vijayapur, India
Res. J. Agriculture & Forestry Sci., Volume 4, Issue (6), Pages 11-19, June,8 (2016)
Pulses are precious leguminous crops especially to those living in semi-arid countries. Its resilience in withstanding poor ecological conditions and its high food and fodder value makes it a commodity that can turn around the fortunes of smallholder farmers and in providing cheapest source of plant protein in both India and Nigeria. A compound growth rate model was used in estimating the trend of area, production and productivity of different types of pulses from the year 1980 to 2015 for both India and Nigeria. The estimated time trend variable revealed a positive trend. However, fluctuations were observed with respect to area, production and productivity of different pulses in both countries, but relatively lower fluctuation in productivity. Furthermore, mean average productivity of soya bean and pulse nes in India was slightly higher than that of Nigeria despite been lower to the world average which was 0.86 ton/ha. In Indian there was accelerative growth trend in area and production of all pulses category but productivity recorded stagnation for black gram and pigeon pea; deceleration for chick pea, green pea and pulse nes; and acceleration for green gram and soya bean. However, in Nigeria, there was deceleration for area and production while acceleration trend for productivity of cowpea dry, soya bean and pulse nes respectively. It conclude that, although area and production trend was decelerating but productivity trend was accelerating in Nigeria, at the same vain, the productivity was slightly lower compared to India. The study therefore, suggest Nigeria need to emphasis the use of high yielding varieties, input and credit support to boost productivity of pulse as major source of cheap plant protein their by improve the nutritional security especially among the Nigerian poor. Likewise, promote diversification into large scale cultivation of pulses such as pigeon pea, chick pea, black and green gram. At the same time, India needs to support research institution to develop higher yielding varieties of pulses, support farmers with inputs, technology and credit towards achieving optimum yield; improving farmer’s income, increasing the local supply of pulses and reducing import, employment opportunities and closing the nutritional security gap in a vegetarian nation.
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