6th International Virtual Congress (IVC-2019) And Workshop.  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Effect of different Spatial arrangements on the Growth and yield of Maize (Zea mays L.) and Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) intercrop in the Sandy Regosol of Eastern region of Sri Lanka

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Crop Science, Eastern University, Vantharumoolai, SRI LANKA
  • 2Department of Crop Science, Eastern University, Vantharumoolai, SRI LANKA

Res. J. Agriculture & Forestry Sci., Volume 3, Issue (2), Pages 16-19, February,8 (2015)

Abstract

A study was carried out at the Crop Farm of the Eastern University, Sri Lanka to evaluate the effects of different spatial arrangements on the growth and yield of maize and groundnut in an intercropping system. Nine treatments were defined and experimental arrangement was randomized complete block design (RCBD) with four replicates. The results revealed that compared to monocropping of maize yield, T8 and T9 (paired row planting of maize with two rows of groundnut in between paired rows) provided 13% and 6% increased yield, respectively. Highest Land Equivalent Ratio was recorded in T8 (1.86) followed by T9 (1.81). Therefore, it could be concluded that 45/30 cm paired row planting of maize with two rows of groundnut in between paired rows, is the best spatial arrangement to maximize yield advantage of maize groundnut intercropping in the sandy regosol of Eastern region of Sri Lanka.

References

  1. Palaniappan S.P., Cropping Systems in the Tropics: Principles and Management, New Age International, New Delhi (1996)
  2. Willey R.W. and Reddy M.S., A field technique for separating above and below ground interaction for intercropping of expt. with pearl millet/groundnut, Exp. Agric., 17, 257-264 (1981)
  3. Pathick D.C. and Malla M.L., Study on the performance of crop legume under monoculture and intercrop combination, Sixth Annual Maize Development Workshop, Nepal, (1979)
  4. Willey R.W., Intercropping Its importance and research needs. Part 1 competition and yield advantages, Field Crop Abstr., 32, 1-10 (1979)
  5. Dwomon I. B. and Quainoo A. K., Effect of spatial arrangement on the yield of maize and groundnut intercrop in the northern Guinea Savanna agro-ecological zone of Ghana, Int. J. Life Sci. Biotechnol. and Pharma Res., 1(2), 79-85 (2012)
  6. Caballero R., Goicoechea E. L. and Hernaiz P.J., Forage yields and quality of common vetch and oat sown at varying seeding ratios and seeding rates of vetch, Field Crops Res., 41(2), 135-140 (1995)
  7. Vandermeer J.H., Carroll C.R., Rosset P.M., Intercropping., In: Agroecology (eds. Carroll, C. R., Vandermeer, J. H., and Rosset, P. M)., McGraw-Hill, New York, 481-516 (1990)
  8. Anil L., Park R.H.P. and Miller F.A., Temperate intercropping of cereals for forage: a review of the potential for growth and utilization with particular reference to the UK, . Grass Forage Sci., 53, 301-317 (1998)
  9. Lindemann W.C. and Glover C.R., Nitrogen Fixation by Legumes, New Mexico State University, Cooperative Extension Service, New Mexico (2003), Available at: http://aces.nmsu.edu/pubs/_a/A129/ (Accessed on 27.12.2013)
  10. Fawusi M.O.A., Wanki S.B.C. and Nangju D., Plant density effects on growth, yield, leaf area index and light transmission on intercropped maize and Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. in Nigeria, The J. Agric. Sci., 99(01), 19-23 (1982)
  11. Abdel-Mawgoud A.M.R., El-Abd S.O., Singer S.M., Abou-Hadid A.F. and Hsiao T.C., Effect of shade on the growth and yield of tomato plants, Acta Hortic., 434, 313-320 (1996)
  12. Malaviarachchi M.A.P.W.K., Karunarathne K.M. and Jayawardane S.N., Influence of plant density on yield of hybrid maize (Zea mays L.) under supplementary irrigation, J. Agric. Sci., 3(2), 58-66 (2007)
  13. Challa H. and Bakker J., Potential production within the greenhouse environment, In: Ecosystems of the World: The greenhouse ecosystem (Eds. Enoch, Z. and Stanhill, G.), Elsevier., Amsterdan, 333348 (1998)
  14. Dalirie M.S., Sharifi R.F. and Farzaneh S., Evaluation of yield, dry matter accumulation and leaf area index in wheat genotypes as affected by terminal drought stress, Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 38(1), 182-186 (2010)
  15. Guttieri M. J., Stark J.C., Obrien K. and Souza E., Relative sensitivity of spring wheat grain yield and quality parameters to moisture deficit, Crop Sci., 41, 327- 335 (2001)
  16. Brintha I. and Seran T.H., Productivity and economics of Brinjal (Solanum melongena L.), Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) intercropping, J. Food and Agric., 2(1), 1-7 (2009)
  17. Nambiar P.T.C., Rao M.R., Reddy M.S., Floyd C.N., Dart P.J. and Willey R.W., Effect of intercropping on nodulation and N2-fixation by groundnut, Exp. Agric., 19(01), 79-86 (1983)
  18. Dien D.H., The performance of Hybrid KSX 3853 under different planting density and fertilizer level, In: Seed Production of Maize in Asia and Research in Crop Management, Nakhon Ratehasima, Thailand, 167-169 (1997)
  19. Kumar A., Environmental pollution and Agriculture, Ashish Publishing House, India, 391, (2002)
  20. Singh N.B., Singh P.P. and Nair K.P.P., Effect of legume intercropping on enrichment of soil nitrogen, bacterial activity and productivity of associated maize crops, Exp. Agric., 22(04), 339-344 (1986)
  21. Mashingaidze A.B., Improving weed management and crop productivity in maize systems in Zimbabwe, (No. 57), Wageningen University and Research Centre, (2004)
  22. Chandra K., Sharma D.K., Meher L.C., Kulkarni A.V. and Nasim M., Studies of Feasibility of Intercropping of Camelina sativa in Jatropha Plantation in Semi -Arid Climate in Andhra Pradesh, India, Res. J. Agriculture and Forestry Sci., 2(2), 23-26 (2014)
  23. Ghosh P.K., Growth, yield, competition and economics of groundnut/cereal fodder intercropping systems in the semi-arid tropics of India, Field Crops Res., 88(2), 227-237 (2004)