International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Vegetative Propagation for Different Physiological Ages of Embelia Ribes Cuttings in Different Seasons

Author Affiliations

  • 1Tree Physiology Department, Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi, Thrissur, Kerala, INDIA
  • 2Tree Physiology Department, Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi, Thrissur, Kerala, INDIA
  • 3Tree Physiology Department, Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi, Thrissur, Kerala, INDIA

Res. J. Agriculture & Forestry Sci., Volume 2, Issue (2), Pages 8-12, February,8 (2014)


Embelia ribes Burm. f. is one of the red listed medicinal plant belongs to the family Myrsinaceae. This threatened medicinal plant valued for its thermogenic, carminative, depurative and laxative property. E.ribes is now reported as vulnerable due to over exploitation. The main threat of this plant is its unsustainable and indiscriminate harvesting for commercial purposes. The regeneration from seedling of this plant is very poor. Traditional propagation techniques are not successful in large scale production of this valuable species. Only accessible way for the conservation of this species is vegetative propagation through stem cutting. Exogenous application of IBA and NAA has a significant positive effect on the percentage of rooting. Rooting ability of cuttings was mostly influenced by the type of cutting, retention of leaves and time of the year in which cuttings were taken. Semi hardwood cuttings with two or three leaves, treated with IBA in 3000mg/l concentration in season I (January-April) appears to be a successful method for vegetative propagation (100% rooting) for producing sufficient number of propagules of this species. Significant increase in number of new root, leaves and shoots and length of roots was recorded in stem cuttings treated with 3000mg/l IBA.


  1. Harish G.U., Vijay D., Renuka Jain and Villoo MorawalaPatell., Endangered Medicinal Plant Embelia ribesBurm, f.- A Review, Phcog J., 4, 6-7 (2012)
  2. Ravikumar K. and Ved D.K., 100 Red Listed MedicinalPlants of Conservation Concern in Southern India, Foundation for Revitalization of Local Health Traditions(FRLHT), Bangalore, 136-141 (2000)
  3. Rama Shankar, Lavekar G.S., Sourabh Deb., Sharma B. K.and Rawat M. S., Distribution, conservation and folk usesof Vaibidang (Embelia ribes Burm. f.), Int. J. Biodivers.Conserv., 4(13), 525-529 (2012)
  4. Raghu A.V., Geetha S.P., Martin G., Balachandran I. andRavindran P.N., Direct shoot organogenesis from leafexplants of Embelia ribes Burm, f.: A vulnerablemedicinal plants, J. For. Res., 11, 57-60 (2006)
  5. Mhaskar M., Joshi S., Chavan B., Joglekar A., Barve N.and Patwardhan A., Status of Embelia ribes Burm f.(Vidanga), an important medicinal species of commercefrom northern Western Ghats of India, Curr. Sci., 100(4),548-589 (2011)
  6. Surendran T., Vegetative propagation of asokam, Evergreen., 41, 9 (1998)
  7. Saumya M.T., Surendran T. and Sreena K.R., Vegetativepropagation of Oroxylum indicum in different seasons, Proceedings of the 25th Kerala Science Congress, January2012, Thiruvananthapuram, 24-26 (2012)
  8. Palanisamy A.K., Ansari S.A., Kumar P. and Gupta B.N., Adventitious rooting in shoot cuttings ofAzadirachtaindica and Pongamiapinnata, New For., 16,81-88 (2004)
  9. Chalapathi M.V., Thimmegowda N.D., Kumar S.,Gangadhar G., Rao E. and Mallikarjun K., Influence oflength of cutting and growth regulators onvegetativepropagation of Stevia (Stevia rebaudianaBert.), Crop Res., 21, 53-56 (2001)
  10. Louiza Rodrigues, Artificial and Natural Regeneration ofthe Forests of Bombay Presidency: 1838 to 1860, Res.J.Recent Sci., 1(2), 113-118 (2012)
  11. Raval A.A. and Desai P.B., Rhizobacteria fromRhizosphere of Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) and theireffect on Plant Growth, Res.J.Recent Sci., 1(6), 58-61(2012)
  12. Mondal Debashri and Mondal Tamal., A Review onefficacy of Azadirachta indica A, Juss based biopesticides:An Indian perspective, Res.J.Recent Sci., 1(3), 94-99(2012)
  13. Comparative Study of Seed Germination and Percentage ofFungal Infection of Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera(L.) Dunal.), Ingle Subhas and Bnagale Sachin,Res.J.Recent Sci., 1(7), 80-82 (2012)
  14. Shadparvar V., The effects of IBA and 2ip on callogenesisand shoot formatting of Cymbidium orchid var RedTiffani, Res.J.Recent Sci., 1(8), 70-72 (2012)