6th International Virtual Congress (IVC-2019) And Workshop.  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Non-Farm Income and Food Security Status of Small Scale Farming Households in Nigeria

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, NIGERIA
  • 2Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, NIGERIA
  • 3Savanna Forestry Research Station, Samaru-Zaria, NIGERIA

Res. J. Agriculture & Forestry Sci., Volume 2, Issue (12), Pages 1-7, December,8 (2014)

Abstract

This study examines the non-farm economic activities, income and food security status of small scale farming households in Nigeria. Data were obtained from randomly sampled 244 farming households by use of structured questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Logit multiple regression model. The result shows average age of farmers in the study area to be 39.1 years and average farm size 2.05 hectares. The average farm income of the respondents was found to be N180,914:50k ($1077)-lower by N35,085.50k ($209), that is, 16.24%, to the national minimum wage of N216,000 ($1286) per annum (at N18,000 ($107) per month); while the average non-farm income in the study area is given as N130,407.10k ($776) per annum. The major non-farm economic activities include civil service, trading, commercial motorcycling and artisanship, as commercial motorcycling was found to be the least profiting non-farm activity. Non-farm income was nonetheless found to significantly influence farming household's food security status and recommendations were made for policy frames that promote non-farm economic activities, particularly those that are associated with the smallholder agricultural sector, as strategy that pays attention to the strengthening of farm/non-farm linkages will benefit farming households in terms of income generation and food security.

References

  1. Adepoju A.O. and Obayelu O.A., Livelihood diversification and welfare of ruralhouseholds in Ondo State, Nigeria Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics,5(12), 482-489, (2013)
  2. Haggblade S., Hazell P. and T. Reardon, Transforming the Rural Non-Farm Economy, John Hopkins University PressBaltimore, (2007)
  3. De Janvry A. and E. Sadoulet, Income Strategies among Rural Households in Mexico. The Role of Off- Farm Activities, World Development, 29(3), 467-480 (2001)
  4. Ruben R. and M. Van den Berg, Non Farm Employment and poverty Alleviation of Rural Households in Honduras, World Development, 29(3), 549-560 (2001)
  5. Awoyemi T.T., Rural Non-Farm Incomes and Poverty in Nigeria., African Economic Research Consortium AERC Research Paper 224, Nairobi January, (2011)
  6. Akinyele I.O., Ensuring Food and Nutrition Security in Rural Nigeria: An Assessment of the Challenges,Information Needs, and Analytical Capacity., NationalStrategy Support Program (NSSP) Background Paper No 007; Abuja: IFPRI, (2009)
  7. Global Hunger Index Report., The challenge of hunger:Ensuring sustainable food security under land, water andenergy stresses. IFPRI, Concern Worldwide,Welthungerhilfe and Green Scenery: Bonn / Washington,DC / Dublin October (2012)
  8. Adepoju A.O. and. Adejare K.A., Food Insecurity Status of Rural Households during the Post-planting Season in Nigeria, Journal of Agriculture and Sustainability, 4(1), 16-35 (2013)
  9. Manyong V.M., A. Ikpi, J.K. Olayemi, Yusuf S.A.,Omonona B.T, Okoruwa V. and Idachaba F.S., Agriculture in Nigeria: Identifying Opportunities for IncreasedCommercialization and Investment, IITA, Ibadan: IITA.(2005)
  10. Reardon Tom., Rural Non-farm Income in Developing Countries, Undated e-book, www.rrojasdatabank.org ,assess on the 2nd August, 2014 (2014)
  11. Olayemi J.K., Elements of applied econometrics, Elshaddai Global Ventures Limited, Ibadan, Nigeria, 154-155 (1998)
  12. Babatunde R.O., Omotesho O.A. and Sholotan O.S., Socioeconomic characteristics of food security status of farming household in Kwara state, North central Nigeria, PakistanJournal of Nutrition, 6(1), 49-58 (2007)
  13. Babatunde, R.O. and Qaim, M., Impact of off-farm income on food security and nutrition in Nigeria., Proceedings of the German Development Economics Conference,Frankfurt a. M., 27 http://hdl.handle.net/10419/39921(2009)
  14. Pfeiffer L., López-Feldman A. and Taylor J.E., Is off-farm income reforming the farm? Evidence from Mexico, Agricultural Economics, 40(2), 125-138 (2009)
  15. Huang J., Wu, Y. and Rozelle S., Moving off the farm and intensifying agricultural production in Shandong: A casestudy of rural labor market linkages in China, Agricultural Economics, 40(2), 203-218 (2009)
  16. Kilic T., Carletto C., Miluka J. and Savastano S., Rural non-farm income and its impact on agriculture: Evidencefrom Albani, Agricultural Economics, 40(2), 139-160 (2009)
  17. Oseni G. and Winters P., Rural nonfarm activities and agricultural crop production in Nigeria, AgriculturalEconomics, 40(2), 189-201 (2009)
  18. Adelakun A.B., An evaluation of loan repayment capacities of small scale farmers:, a case study of Akinyele L.G.A. ofOyo state. Unpublished B.Sc Project, University of Ibadan,Nigeria (1998)
  19. Adebayo, C.O. Evaluation of united nations development programmes (UNDP), micro credit scheme on food security status of farm households in Kaduna state, UnpublishedPhD Thesis., Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria (2010)